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The New Oxford Annotated Bible With Apocrypha

The New Oxford Annotated Bible With Apocrypha The New Oxford Annotated Bible With Apocrypha

Students, professors and general readers alike have relied upon The Oxford Annotated Bible for essential scholarship and guidance to the world of the Bible for nearly four decades. Now a new editorial board and team of contributors have completely updated this classic work. The result is a volume which maintains and extends the excellence the Annotated's users have come to expect, bringing new insights, information, and approaches to bear upon the understanding of the text of the Bible.

The new edition includes a full index to all of the study material (not just to the annotations), and one that is keyed to page numbers, not to citations. And, to make certain points in the text clearer for the reader, there are approximately 40 in-text, line drawing maps and diagrams.

With the best of the Annotated's traditional strengths, and the augmentation of new information and new approaches represented in current scholarship, the Third Edition will serve as the reader's and student's constant resource for a new century.

About the Author

Michael Coogan is Professor of Religious Studies at Stonehill College in Easton, Massachusetts, and director of publications for the Harvard Semitic Museum. Carol Newsom is at Candler School of Theology, Atlanta, Georgia.

Paperback: 2180 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; College edition (January 25, 2001)

The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament Volume One
The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament Volume One The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament: Apocrypha

The most esteemed body of books left out of the Bible, the Old Testament Apocrypha is of interest to historians, religious scholars, and ordinary laypeople alike. For more than 70 years this version, edited by R.H. Charles, has been the definitive critical edition. Out of print for years, Apocryphile Press is proud to make it available once more to scholars and the curious.

Paperback: 700 pages
Publisher: Apocryphile Press (November 1, 2004)

The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament, Volume Two
The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament, Volume Two The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament, Volume Two

Of all the books left out of the Bible, only the Apocrypha rivals the Pseudepigrapha in popularity and importance. This edition of the Pseudepigrapha was edited by R. H. Charles and was the definitive critical edition for over 70 years.

Paperback: 800 pages
Publisher: Apocryphile Press (November 1, 2004)

The Urantia Book
The Urantia Book The Urantia Book


Love is truly contagious and eternally creative. (p. 2018) “Devote your life to proving that love is the greatest thing in the world.” (p. 2047) “Love is the ancestor of all spiritual goodness, the essence of the true and the beautiful.” (p. 2047) The Father’s love can become real to mortal man only by passing through that man’s personality as he in turn bestows this love upon his fellows. (p. 1289) The secret of a better civilization is bound up in the Master’s teachings of the brotherhood of man, the good will of love and mutual trust. (p. 2065)


Prayer is not a technique of escape from conflict but rather a stimulus to growth in the very face of conflict. (p. 1002) The sincerity of any prayer is the assurance of its being heard. … (p. 1639) God answers man’s prayer by giving him an increased revelation of truth, an enhanced appreciation of beauty, and an augmented concept of goodness. (p. 1002) …Never forget that the sincere prayer of faith is a mighty force for the promotion of personal happiness, individual self-control, social harmony, moral progress, and spiritual attainment. (p. 999)


There is a great and glorious purpose in the march of the universes through space. All of your mortal struggling is not in vain. (p. 364) Mortals only learn wisdom by experiencing tribulation. (p. 556)


The angels of all orders are distinct personalities and are highly individualized. (p. 285) Angels....are fully cognizant of your moral struggles and spiritual difficulties. They love human beings, and only good can result from your efforts to understand and love them. (p. 419)

Our Divine Destiny

If you are a willing learner, if you want to attain spirit levels and reach divine heights, if you sincerely desire to reach the eternal goal, then the divine Spirit will gently and lovingly lead you along the pathway of sonship and spiritual progress. (p. 381) …They who know that God is enthroned in the human heart are destined to become like him—immortal. (p. 1449) God is not only the determiner of destiny; he is man’s eternal destination. (p. 67)


Almost everything of lasting value in civilization has its roots in the family. (p. 765) The family is man’s greatest purely human achievement. ... (p. 939)


…Faith will expand the mind, ennoble the soul, reinforce the personality, augment the happiness, deepen the spirit perception, and enhance the power to love and be loved. (p. 1766) “Now, mistake not, my Father will ever respond to the faintest flicker of faith.” (p. 1733)


The story of man’s ascent from seaweed to the lordship of earthly creation is indeed a romance of biologic struggle and mind survival. (p. 731) 2,500,000,000 years ago… Urantia was a well developed sphere about one tenth its present mass. … (p. 658) 1,000,000,000 years ago is the date of the actual beginning of Urantia [Earth] history. (p. 660) 450,000,000 years ago the transition from vegetable to animal life occurred. (p. 669) From the year A.D. 1934 back to the birth of the first two human beings is just 993,419 years. (p. 707) About five hundred thousand years ago…there were almost one-half billion primitive human beings on earth. … (p. 741) Adam and Eve arrived on Urantia, from the year A.D. 1934, 37,848 years ago. (p. 828)

From the Inside Flap

What’s Inside?

Parts I and II

God, the inhabited universes, life after death, angels and other beings, the war in heaven.

Part III

The history of the world, science and evolution, Adam and Eve, development of civilization, marriage and family, personal spiritual growth.

Part IV

The life and teachings of Jesus including the missing years. AND MUCH MORE…


God, …God is the source and destiny of all that is good and beautiful and true. (p. 1431) If you truly want to find God, that desire is in itself evidence that you have already found him. (p. 1440) When man goes in partnership with God, great things may, and do, happen. (p. 1467)

The Origin of Human Life, The universe is not an accident... (p. 53) The universe of universes is the work of God and the dwelling place of his diverse creatures. (p. 21) The evolutionary planets are the spheres of human origin…Urantia [Earth] is your starting point. … (p. 1225) In God, man lives, moves, and has his being. (p. 22)

The Purpose of Life, There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life. (p. 365) This new gospel of the kingdom… presents a new and exalted goal of destiny, a supreme life purpose. (p. 1778)

Jesus, The religion of Jesus is the most dynamic influence ever to activate the human race. (p. 1091) What an awakening the world would experience if it could only see Jesus as he really lived on earth and know, firsthand, his life-giving teachings! (p. 2083)

Science, Science, guided by wisdom, may become man’s great social liberator. (p. 909) Mortal man is not an evolutionary accident. There is a precise system, a universal law, which determines the unfolding of the planetary life plan on the spheres of space. (p. 560)

Life after Death, God’s love is universal… He is “not willing that any should perish.” (p. 39) Your short sojourn on Urantia [Earth]…is only a single link, the very first in the long chain that is to stretch across universes and through the eternal ages. (p. 435) …Death is only the beginning of an endless career of adventure, an everlasting life of anticipation, an eternal voyage of discovery. (p. 159)

About the Author

The text of The Urantia Book was provided by one or more anonymous contributors working with a small staff which provided editorial and administrative support during the book's creation. The book bears no particular credentials (from a human viewpoint), relying instead on the power and beauty of the writing itself to persuade the reader of its authenticity.

Leather Bound: 2097 pages
Publisher: Urantia Foundation; Box Lea edition (August 25, 2015)

The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation

The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation

From the Back Cover This collection of apocryphal texts supersedes the best-selling edition by M. R. James, which was originally published in 1924, and regularly reprinted. Several new texts have come to light since 1924 and the textual base for some of the apocrypha previously translated by James is now more secure, as in several cases there are recently published critical editions available. Although a modest appendix to James's edition was added in 1953, no thorough revision has previously been undertaken. In this volume, J. K. Elliott presents new translations of the texts and has provided each of them with a short introduction and bibliography directed to those who wish to pursue further the issues raised in the texts, or to consult the critical editions, other versions, or general studies. The translations are in modern English, in contrast to James's deliberate imitation of the language of the Authorized Version. The collection is designed to give readers the most important and famous of the Christian apocrypha, together with a select sample of gnostic texts. Full translations of the earliest texts are printed.

About the Author

J. K. Elliott (Editor)

Paperback: 774 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; First Paperback Edition edition (December 22, 2005)

The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English

The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English

From Library Journal

This one-volume translation of the Dead Sea Scrolls joins those of Florentino Garcia Martinez (The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated, Eerdman's, 1996) and Michael Wise and others (The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation, LJ 12/96) and is the latest edition of The Dead Sea Scrolls in English, first published in 1962. In a 90-page introduction, Vermes (emeritus, Jewish studies, Wolfson Coll., Oxford) briefly summarizes the 50-year history of scrolls research. He presents an overview of the sectarian community associated with the scrolls (whom he identifies as the Essenes), its history, and its beliefs. Though dubbed "complete" (the preface explains that "meaningless scraps or badly damaged manuscript sections are not inflicted on the reader"), Vermes's translation is generally the most selective of the three. This sometimes saves the reader from the possible frustration of line upon line of brackets and ellipses, but it gives a limited idea of the extent of the textual material available. However, the translation is good and has stood as the standard for many years. As with Bibles, libraries should have more than one version of the Dead Sea Scrolls.?Craig W. Beard, Univ. of Alabama at Birmingham Lib. Copyright 1997 Reed Business Information, Inc.

Hardcover: 648 pages
Publisher: Allen Lane / The Penguin Press; 1st edition (July 1, 1997)

The Gnostic Scriptures: A New Translation with Annotations and Introductions (The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library)

The Gnostic Scriptures: A New Translation with Annotations and Introductions (The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library) The Gnostic Scriptures: A New Translation with Annotations and Introductions (The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library)

"Bentley Layton's "The Gnostic Scriptures is the one indispensable book for the understanding of Gnosis and Gnosticism. No other translations are within light-years of Layton's in eloquence, pathos, and accuracy, while no other commentaries match his as an introduction to this perpetually relevant religious stance. Layton is particularly brilliant in his appreciation of Valentinus, the central Gnostic visionary, whose "Gospel of Truth is marvelously served in this translation." --Harold Bloom, author of "The Book of J and "The Western Canon

"Bentley Layton's "The Gnostic Scriptures" is the one indispensable book for the understanding of Gnosis and Gnosticism. No other translations are within light-years of Layton's in eloquence, pathos, and accuracy, while no other commentaries match his as an introduction to this perpetually relevant religious stance. Layton is particularly brilliant in his appreciation of Valentinus, the central Gnostic visionary, whose "Gospel of Truth" is marvelously served in this translation." --Harold Bloom, author of "The Book of J" and "The Western Canon"

About the Author:

Bentley Layton was educated at Harvard University and taught for five years in Jerusalem at the Ecole biblique et archeologique francaise. He worked in Cairo with UNESCO Technical Subcommittee to reconstruct the Coptic Gnostic manuscripts of Nag Hammadi and then taught at Yale University, where he was appointed to the Goff Professorship of Religious Studies. He is the recipient of fellowships from American Council of Learned Societies, National Endowment for the Humanities, and Guggenheim Foundation and past President of the International Association of Coptic Studies.

Paperback: 337 pages
Publisher: Independently published (January 9, 2018)




The Conspiracy Hypothesis*

Peter Holley
(Passed away in December 2004.)

*Hypothesis: Something that is taken to be true for purposes of argument or investigation.

Conspiracy OverviewThe Vern Grimsley AffairIn-Depth Timeline: "The 'Voice' of Strangers" The Real Rael & ClonaidACIM: Lie Down With Dogs, Get Up With Fleas! |

Timeline of Genuine vs. Pseudo Spiritual Communications
With special reference to the Urantia movement and intelligence agencies

A chronology of events showing the actual spiritual communications from supernals compared with their presumed "synthetic telepathy" or "artificial telepathy" counterparts as technologically created and deployed by various intelligence operations, arranged to be viewed to account for agency-era, with special reference to the Urantia movement.

AGENCY ERAS:Pre-Synthetic TelepathyBritish Air IntelligenceMKULTRAMKULTRA/ORDNSA |

Pre-Synthetic Telepathy Communications

"Synthetic telepathy" -- reportedly a military non-lethal weaponry term -- is defined here as being the human, intentional, surreptitious, production of intra-cerebral "voices," pictures, thoughts, and/or ideas by means of hypnosis, inaudible transmissions, or a combination thereof, which are experienced by an unwitting subject either directly in the mind or apparently extra-cerebrally as emanating from no known source.

c.1908-1925 -- {Urantia movement} Nocturnal channeling-like activities. Supernals speak through sleeping "contact personality" to Dr. Sadler and others, never to one person alone. Also "except for contacts with the midwayers, no two contacts were alike. Seldom did we meet the visiting personalities more than once. Every contact was entirely different from any and all that had gone before". (  "A History of the Urantia Movement")

c.1924-1934 -- {Urantia movement} Physical materialization of the proto-Urantia Papers: Sadler and others advised by a supernal to ask serious questions of value to all mankind. Forum told of ongoing contacts and invited to help. "During this period . . . upward of 300 different persons participated" by formulating questions, which the Contact Commission gathered, sorted, and presented to the supernals. In response, a group of 57 Papers materialized. They were informed that they could "now ask many and much more intelligent questions" based on those Papers. The plan of questions-to-be-followed-by-Papers continued in weekly cycles until the group of Papers was enlarged to the present number, which were then, in a similar manner, gone over for several years in order to effect the "Removal of Ambiguities". Sadler, who undertook the study of psychiatry for this purpose, took appropriate steps to assure himself that the phenomena were in no way connected to "hypnotism, automatic writing, clairvoyance, trances, spirit mediumship, telepathy, or double personality." (refs., ibid.)

1925 -- {Urantia movement} "From that date forward only [the] Contact Commission attended 'contacts' and received written communications through the contact personality . . . . Almost all of these messages had annotation at the bottom of the last page which read: 'To be destroyed by fire not later than the appearance of the Urantia Papers in print.'" (ibid.)

[NOTE: Some of these written communications were not destroyed until shortly after Emma "Christy" Christensen's death in 1982. With others, before their destruction copies were made which were subsequently retained. Some of these copies (or copies of copies, etc.) are still extant.]

1934 -- {Urantia movement} Urantia Papers, Parts I, II, and III materialized: "The first three parts were completed and certified to us". (ibid.)

1935 -- {Urantia movement} Urantia Paper, Part IV materialized: "The Jesus Papers were . . . completed one year later than the other Papers". (ibid.)

1939-1956 -- {Urantia movement} Sadler forms a group called the "Seventy" for the systematic study of the Urantia Papers. "During this period eight written communications were given to the Seventy by the Seraphim of Progress attached to the superhuman Planetary Government of Urantia". (ibid.)

[NOTE: The above dates do not necessarily indicate that any communications were received after the 'on your own' message c.1954. Obviously the supernals were aware of the beginning deployment of early synthetic telepathy (see below). And it may be reasoned that it was this human development which forced cessation of contact. Any purported communications received after c.1954-1955 are suspect!.]

1950 -- CIA's Operation Bluebird begun. Its purpose is "the specific subject of devising scientific methods for controlling the minds of individuals". Its operators design activities to create an "exploitable alteration of personality". The CIA contemplates operational use of hypnosis to control a subject "to the point where he will do our bidding against his will and even against such fundamental laws of nature as self-preservation".

[NOTE: British and Canadians are present at first Bluebird meeting. All three nations agree to continue investigating behavior control methods. Richard Helms and Sidney Gottlieb are on Bluebird's staff. It will employ "advanced" techniques on twenty-five North Korean prisoners of war. It establishes liaisons with police departments and criminology labs. It contacts hypnotists, physicians, psychologists, and psychiatrists.

In 1951 Bluebird is renamed, "ARTICHOKE". Its interests are in electro-psycho-theraputic techniques, and it reportedly began work with supersonic radiations. Among its other goals is induced amnesia. This year the CIA convinces British and Canadian Intelligence to start their own behavioral research programs.

In 1953 MKULTRA is begun officially with Gottlieb as its director, and the next year it absorbs Bluebird/ARTICHOKE.]

British Air Intelligence Begins Religious "Voice" Mind-Control

c.1952-1953 -- Eileen Caddy first hears "voice of God" (see 1965).

1953 -- Gottlieb plants at least one "very specialized observer" at seances, seeking a "broad surveillance of all individuals attending meetings". He also funds Harold Abrahamson's study of disturbance of memory, suggestibility, creation of dependence.

1954 (alternatively given as 1952 and 1955) -- {Urantia movement} Contact Commission receives last materialized, hard-copy "mandate" or "instruction" telling the humans that they would from that date onwards be on their own, which has usually been taken to mean that there would be no further overt direct guidance by the supernal Revelatory Commission. It also included permission to publish.

MKULTRA In Urantia Movement

1958 -- {Urantia movement}  Al "Cappy" Hubbard contacts Meredith Sprunger for information about The URANTIA Book. Hubbard is known to have had earlier OSS and then- current CIA connections. He was reputedly the LSD supplier for MKULTRA among other things. (See letter at,

1958 -- Future A Course in Miracles (ACIM) channeler, Helen Schucman, goes to work for William Thetford in the Psychology Department at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons. In seven years she will begin to have visions and hear an intra-cerebral voice. Dr. Herbert Spiegel will then be a member of that department, teaching hypnotism. He became an expert brainwasher after investigating returned American Korean War POWs for the Army circa 1952.

MKULTRA/ORD* In Urantia Movement

Early 1960s -- ORD (the CIA's Office of research and Development) takes over most of MKULTRA's mind control research. It calls its behavior field, "life sciences," and hires medical and behavioral researchers.

[*NOTE: I have seen no evidence to support the idea that ORD's programs included the use of synthetic telepathy on religionists, not at least before the exposure of MKULTRA in the media. I include it here for its chronological relationship. However it was apparently ORD -- not MKULTRA -- which undertook the investigation ofoccult powers to learn if and how they could be harnessed for America's intelligence/security needs. If  the theory is true that Caligastia (The URANTIA Book's name for the devil) is behind the Teaching Mission and the Vern Grimsley Affair (see link near page top), and that a Satanic cult exists within the CIA -- as some others maintain -- then in all likelihood ORD's investigations represent the doorway by which he entered:

"Caligastia . . . is still free on Urantia ["earth"] to prosecute his nefarious designs, but he has absolutely no power to enter the minds of men, neither can he draw near their souls to tempt or corrupt them unless they really desire to be cursed with his wicked presence" (610 A, 53:8:6).

One cannot help but surmise that Caligastia would welcome the opportunity to trade the product of his intelligence- gathering abilities with technologically inclined minions who could provide a means around the restriction upon his mental activities . . . at least until he had thoroughly corrupted those same minions to the point where trade is no longer necessary.]

c.1960-1962 -- {Urantia movement} Vern Grimsley's "missing year" while working for Bert Kaplan, Psychology Professor at the University of Kansas, as an undergraduate research assistant on a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) grant.

[NOTE: The problem is that Kaplan's version of Vern's employment reportedly differs sharply from what Vern later told his friends and from autobiographical material which he used in his speeches and elsewhere. Grimsley appears to have believed that he worked for two years, not the single one which Kaplan reported. Vern gives an account of a second year he spent in Washington, D.C. managing a Kaplan-overseen grant from the National Science Foundation. However NSF apparently had no record of such a grant, and Kaplan as well denies that there was one.

Surrounding events suggest, though there are no known facts to confirm it, that Vern may have been programmed by MKULTRA and given a hypnotically-induced cover memory at this time. NMIH did both fund and provide fronts for MKULTRA projects around this time. The University of Kansas Psychology Department shows up on a list of  "CIA Proprietaries, CIA Infiltrated or Influenced Organizations, and CIA Contractors" (scroll down to alphabetical listing). The University of Kansas Medical School is perhaps the only non-governmental institution to host a symposium on the acoustic psycho-correction technology proposed to be used on David Koresh to project a believable "voice of God" into his head (see, 1994).(See also, 1971)]

1965 -- Helen Schucman has first waking dreams and visions, hears "voice of Jesus". She begins channeling A Course in Miracles (ACIM). In all likelihood unwittingly, Schucman has gotten herself involved with a hypnotist brainwasher and more than one colleague with direct MKULTRA ties (see, "Lie Down With Dogs, Get Up With Fleas").

-- Sir George Trevelyan, in England, gathers together "all of the [British] New Age groups under one roof for the first time," with Air Martial Sir Victor Goddard, former chief of British Air Intelligence, in attendance. Peter Caddy (ex-Royal Air Force), who was uninvited, "gate crashes" this event to announce the beginning of Findhorn. Following Eileen's intra-cerebral voice he and Eileen (the ex-wife of Peter's RAF Base Commander, who himself was a member of CIA-corrupted Moral Rearmament) had located their community-to-be adjacent to Kingloss Royal Air Force Base in Scotland.

-- {Urantia movement} Future URANTIA Brotherhood Legal Advisor and important Teaching Mission channeling supporter, Duane Faw, and his combat-ready U.S. Marine assault landing force are prepared if called upon by the CIA to go ashore to seize, hold, and quite likely run the Dominican Republic's government. The situation, however, developed in such a way that they were not needed for the island nation's takeover. Faw admitted to me that he was briefed aboard ship by a civilian whom he believed was a CIA officer, and whose orders he was ready to follow. Such willing followers as Faw are considered by the CIA to be "assets". If needed, assets will be called upon to perform in the future.

1971 -- {Urantia movement} Member Harry McMullan sets up contact between Vern Grimsley' Family of God Foundation (FOG) and Radio Free Europe, a "proprietary arm of the CIA". Almost immediately following this event Vern makes a visit to Bert Kaplan, who was by then teaching in California, where FOG was located -- the nature of this visit is undisclosed. If Vern had been programmed as a "sleeper" (see c.1960-1962) he may have needed reactivating. In any event, RFE will vector Vern's radio mission to the Armed Forces Radio Network, and they will carry parts of his religious broadcasts on its many hundreds of military outlets. This support gave Vern widespread exposure to service personnel who would return home and listen to his regular broadcasts, soon being heard in all 50 states.

-- {Urantia movement} General Duane Faw retires from the Marine Corps

-- {Urantia movement} Original printing plates for The URANTIA Book are destroyed by URANTIA Foundation after the second printing. This deleted a benchmark for future Urantia Book scholars.

-- Eileen Caddy's "voice of God" ceases to be heard.

1971 - 1978 -- ACIM's William Thetford (with Helen Schucman's co-author, David Saunders) secretly contracts work for CIA's MKULTRA ( Subproject 130, Personality Theory, David Saunders/William Thetford; Columbia Univ.)

[NOTE: The 1978 date seems to be an anachronism (see below). It was taken from an ACIM webpage displaying Thetford's professional vita. There is no doubt, however, about the existence of Thetford's MKULTRA Subproject. And it is the fact that it actually began during the channeling of ACIM which makes it a "smoking gun". It is unimportant whether or not it crashed and burned with MKULTRA.]

1972 -- ACIM channeling is complete.

NSA (and ORD?) In Urantia Movement

1973 -- Gottlieb and Helms order the destruction of MKULTRA files (although several boxes of financial records are overlooked. These are later released to author John Marks and others under the Freedom of Information Act, and provided much of the material upon which Marks' book is based:  The Search for a Manchurian Candidate. Marks, however, was more focused upon the drug aspects than on synthetic telepathy.)

1974 -- New York Times publishes an article exposing MKULTRA. Other newspapers worldwide follow.

-- {Urantia movement} Neal Waldrop -- who had been employed and trained by the NSA in 1969 and 1970 immediately following his graduation from Yale -- becomes a reader of The URANTIA Book. He begins his step-by-step rise to URANTIA Foundation Trusteeship. His last step upwards will be on the figuratively severed head of Vern Grimsley, who was just about at this time and into the 1980s perhaps the most well-known, well-beloved Urantia movement leader, whose "livelong goal [was] to effect a spiritual renaissance on the planet," and whose URANTIA Book teaching-based radio program by the very next year would be being heard in all 50 states and in a number of foreign countries.

-- {Urantia movement} USMC Brigadier General (Ret.) and Pepperdine University Law Professor, Duane Faw, makes his initial contact with the URANTIA Foundation. He will associate himself with Vern Grimsley's cult-like organization, the Family of God Foundation (FOG), and shortly be given the position of Chairman of the URANTIA Brotherhood's Legal Committee. Faw will become the chief "inner circle" supporter of Teaching Mission channeling and "stillness practice," both of which appear to be contra-indicated in The URANTIA Book! (See, 1099 D, 100:5:8 through 11)

-- {Urantia movement} Paul Snider, for the URANTIA Brotherhood and as its President, signs the Foundation's " Confirmatory Agreement," essentially a lie which denied that the registered trademark "Urantia" had been in general use up to that time, ceding all rights to it (and to the three azure concentric circles) to the Foundation. The Foundation later used this to "disenfranchise" the Brotherhood in 1989. Without this agreement it would have had no grounds to do so.

[NOTE: This "Confirmatory Agreement" was both  legally dangerous and dishonest according to several Urantia Brotherhood Societies refused to become signatories to it, so "Licensing Agreement" governing each Society's use was then drawn up and signed by each of them.

The Brotherhood's General Council reported to its membership in 1989 -- just a month and a half before the Foundation formally terminated the "Confirmatory Licensing Agreement" and evicted the Brotherhood from their shared office space -- that in retrospect there were four "perhaps unintended" (my emphasis) effects to the 1974 signing:

  1. "It partially defeated the initial founding effort to separate the work into two automous orgizational entities".
  2. "It caused the URANTIA Foundation to believe it had veto power over Brotherhood activities".

  3. It "seemed intended to sever the inherent organizational integrity of URANTIA Brotherhood".

  4. "It set up an almost inevitable conflict between" the official, organizational use of the name "Urantia" and its "also valid use" as a symbol with spiritual meaning by readers of The URANTIA Book (" Report to the Members of URANTIA Brotherhood," Sept. 16-17, 1989).

The split between the two Urantia movement organizations can be seen as having its roots and beginning in this document.]

1975 -- Church Committee Senate Hearings on MKULTRA begun. MKULTRA Director, Dr. Sidney Gottlieb testifies that it was the program's purpose "to investigate whether and how it was possible to modify an individual's behavior by covert means".

[NOTE: Gottlieb retired in disgrace. MKULTRA was likely no longer viable after this point. It is altogether possible that ORD and NSA, with separate but non-conflicting goals, worked together in collusion for the manipulation of the Urantia movement. It might be pointed out in this context that the NSA and CIA have publicly admitted that they did team up in a secret decades-long investigation of the remote viewing phenomenon.]

1977 -- John Marks will make a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for ORD files on "behavior research related to bio-electrics, electric or radio stimulation of the brain, electronic destruction of memory, stereotoxic surgery, psychosurgery, hypnotism, parapsychology, radiation, microwaves, and ultrasonics". The CIA reports back as having 130 cubic feet of material expected to contain pertinent documents. Unfortunately Marks could not afford the expense of obtaining them.

1978 -- Jonestown "massacre"; this is coupled with Congressman Leo Ryan's assassination by some of Jones' followers. His then-ongoing investigation of "CIA cults" ceased with Ryan's death and was never to be resumed by others. I have not been able to dig out his findings. The website dedicated to him provides almost no pertinent information.

1978 -- {Urantia movement} Secret journals purportedly prepared by Dr. Sadler and kept in a locked file cabinet until this year unexplainedly disappeared, as Urantia movement member Barbara Newsom was prepared to testify under oath. [ ref. TENTH CIRCUIT MICHAEL FOUNDATION, INC., a foreign corporation, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. URANTIA FOUNDATION, an Illinois Charitable Trust, Defendant - Third-Party Plaintiff - Appellant, v. HARRY MCMULLAN, III, Third-Party Defendant - Appellee: No. 01-6347 and 01-6348 (D. Ct. No. CIV-00-885-W) (W.D. Okla.):ORDER AND JUDGMENT; II.4B.¶2 ]

1979-1989 -- Soviet Union war in Afghanistan. Acoustic psycho-correction technology deployed by Soviets. U.S. trains and supports Osama bin Laden, who opposed Soviets: Possibility of technology capture by Osama and CIA. Also possibility of reverse-engineering if technology known but not captured.

1980 -- {Urantia movement} De facto Urantia movement head, the last living former "contact commission" member, Emma "Christy" Christensen, hears "voice of supernals". No earlier "audible" messages have been discovered, although "Christy" gave people the impression that she was in contact with supernals. She had several years previously assured Vern Grimsley that he was a "Reservist". Vern later assumed "voices" had told it to her, but intuition, spiritual insight, and/or even imagination should not be ruled out -- it has also been suggested that this represented a management technique she inherited from Dr. Sadler (no convincing evidence for such a presumption has been offered, however).

c.1982 -- {Urantia movement} Neal Waldrop (by this time a Foreign Service Officer for the U.S. State Department) reportedly tells a Urantia Book reader that some unnamed US intelligence/security agency had once been involved in the Urantia movement but no longer was by then. If Waldrop was working undercover for NSA he could hardly be expected to admit it to this reader. Evidence suggests that he was referring to the CIA, or perhaps specifically to MKULTRA.

1982-1983 -- {Urantia movement} Vern Grimsley hears "voices of supernals". Reports having over 100 "contacts" during which he is told that FOG headquarters is to be "protected" during soon-to-come nuclear holocaust (WWIII). It is fortified and arms are stockpiled. Presumably uninvited readers and others might seek shelter with FOG: Vern's "voices" okay killing them if necessary. General Faw, previously a combat-tested WWII veteran and Marine amphibious assult landing force commander, is consulted concerning military defense, including "fields of fire". Vern presumably overlooked the fact that his headquarters was closely surrounded by likely military and weapons-research targets. Another fact went right by him -- that after the destruction he would continue broadcasting the "light of truth" to the post-holocaust world from Mt. Diablo (Devil Mountain), where his transmitter tower was located!

[NOTE: A number of Vern's "contacts" were made "on the roof of 1849 Arch Street" presumably offering a broad horizon for line-of-sight transmissions. Grimsley's communications were interactive, virtually conversational, at this time but that does not completely rule out post-hypnotic suggestion as a possible alternative synthetic telepathy technique. Other of his "contacts" did not offer such obvious access. At least one took place in a hotel bathtub (a possible vector could have been ELF wave transmissions through the  plumbing or have relied on a hidden transmitter -- Vern's travel plans were not secret).

One FOG member stated that Vern would emerge from "contact" sessions "in a very tired and worn state" which could have been an expected result of  microwave exposure. Unlike Sadler, Grimsley's only tests were to assure himself that he was understanding the content of the messages and to check up on such things as the technological information which he was given (e.g., tube-type radios' resistance to EMP) in order to assure himself that it was factual.

Vern's "voices" differed from most synthetic telepathy in that they were subjectively experienced outside, not inside his head. Again, post-hypnotic suggestion could account for this. It would have relied on a mechanism observable in schizophrenics, who often hear self-generated voices as apparently emanating from outside. Obviously Vern's handlers desired his Urantia movement leadership degradation from the beginning. His fall was their goal, both to provide a steppingstone for Waldrop and to eliminate his major competition. So while the "voices" were designed to be believable, they were at the same time made to appear to be aberrant behavior. There are, needless to say, many questions about the nature of these "contacts" which still need answering.

My conclusions are far from having been proven beyond reasonable doubt. But I believe my logic is sound, and my explanation includes many pertinent facts which are otherwise, usually ignored. It takes in the broader picture, and it also fits with methods known to be used by intelligence/security agencies! Nowhere does it rely on "fanciful explanations that require considerable leaps of assumption beyond the known facts" (Law of Parsimony).]

c.1983 -- {Urantia movement} "Voices of supernals" heard at 533 Diversey Parkway, Foundation/Brotherhood headquarters. A part-time office worker there reports having heard "voices" in her head (actually while at home). They direct her into performing certain undisclosed activities which she describes as being seemingly mundane, but which she maintains nevertheless were purported to her as being necessary to help ward off the nuclear holocaust (WW III). She moves to a faraway state at their behest. (More)

1985 --Proto-Teaching Mission channeling group forms in New Zealand (see 1989).

1989 -- {Urantia movement} Three URANTIA Foundation trustees and several staff members resign citing difficulties with Martin Myers. Not only was Myers leading the anti-Vern faction -- pushing opposition to Grimsley for all it was worth -- but he was possibly himself hearing the "voices of midwayers".

[NOTE: In 1990, then-recently-resigned, former URANTIA Foundation Trustee Helena Sprague wrote that "Martin [Myers] has been heard, with several present, to bestow approval of the midwayers on one individual and to tell another, 'The midwayers are not pleased with you . . . you are in league with Lucifer.'" This leaves one with the distinct impression that Myers also may have heard "voices" and believed himself to have been in direct contact with purported celestials. Obviously he might have let it slip, but considering his position vis a vis Vern Grimsley's "voices" he would not have actually claimed this if true, however Myers may have confided in someone!

It would considerably aid this effort of ferreting out the truth if otherwise sincere people would be forthcoming about these things! There has been far too much cover-up in the Urantia movement, and it only aids its enemies. While protecting the Urantia movement may be a noble motive, Jesus in opposition to such unworthy devices said:

"Courage is the confidence of thorogoing honesty about those things which one professes to believe. Sincere men are unafraid of the critical examination of their true convictions and noble ideals" (1641 C, 146:3:2)

"I declare to you that there is nothing covered up that is not going to be revealed; there is nothing hidden that shall not be known" (1681 D, 150:4:2).]

-- {Urantia movement} Neal Waldrop is elected URANTIA Foundation Trustee.

-- {Urantia movement} Martin Myers quits his upper managerial bank job and assumes full-time URANTIA Foundation Executive Directorship.

-- {Urantia movement} URANTIA Foundation Trustees formally disenfranchise the URANTIA Brotherhood and evict it from their shared headquarters at 533 Diversey Parkway, Chicago.

-- {Urantia movement} Teaching Mission begun in previously existing New Zealand channeling group (see 1985).

1991 -- {Urantia movement} A URANTIA Book study group member in Woods Cross, Utah hears "voice of purported celestial," and goes on to begin the first U.S. Teaching Mission channeling group. Only afterwards is she made aware of the New Zealand people. They are surprised that both are getting the same information. Not suspecting treachery they accept this as comprising the credentials of genuine celestial contact, thus reinforcing their shared beliefs.

[NOTE: After this the Teaching Mission was spread through the Urantia movement by word-of mouth and through web email lists and forums. In the beginning, if a study group wanted its own purported celestial to channel, a member had to telephone the Woods Cross group and have one requested by its channeler. Since the time that broadscale NSA snooping in electronic communications became a fact (its New Zealand facility is dedicated to that function) the phone call is no longer necessary. It might be pointed out that not everyone who wants a "teacher" -- and they come in both group and personal models -- gets one. And they may come unbidden (in spite of their protestations otherwise). The Woods Cross channeler thought some friend was playing a joke on her when she first heard them speaking to her.]

c. 1991-1992 -- {Urantia movement} An early version of URANTIAGATE "conspiracy factor" information is sent to all of the Foundation Trustees and other movement leaders.

[NOTE: While I would dearly like to be able to take credit for the following changes, no direct cause/effect relationship has yet been established to my knowledge. The Trustees are traditionally closed-mouth about the reasons for their activities. There has never been a time when the Foundation did not engage in secrecy and cover-up.]

1992 -- {Urantia movement} Martin Myers is dismissed as a URANTIA Foundation Trustee. He will be successfully sued to relinquish his position as Executive Director.

-- {Urantia movement} Neal Waldrop resigns as Trustee, and is reportedly transferred by the U.S. State Department to Australia and New Zealand (where the Teaching Mission began and where the large NSA/GCSB (New Zealand's Government Communications Security Bureau) ESCHELON facility is located).

1993 -- Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF) shootout is followed by an FBI standoff in Waco. David Koresh killed during subsequent FBI hostage rescue team attack on Branch Davidian headquarters. 82 of his followers, including children, dead. Autopsies revealed that a number of the adult male victims did not die by flames but were executed with twin fatal gunshot wounds in their heads which had been administered by a person or persons unknown during the fire. The FBI hostage rescue teams cross-train with Navy Seals, who are known to use an assassination method utilizing two shots to the head, which they call "double popping". Koresh had been following the "voice of God" for years.

1994 -- Mind control technology (acoustic psycho-correction -- see, 1979-1989) capable of producing intra-cerebral "voices" surfaces in the media. A Newsweek article (Feb. 7, 1994) says:

"The FBI consulted Moscow experts on the possible use of a Soviet technique for beaming subliminal messages to Koresh. The technique uses inaudible transmissions that could have convinced Koresh he was hearing the voice of God inside his head."

Of course Koresh was already hearing "the voice of God inside his head," a fact which was not among those reasons given by the FBI for refusing the Russian offer for the use of their acoustic psycho-correction technology -- a fact which has been ignored, downplayed, and shuffled aside for nearly a decade -- a fact which might have revealed the long-term use of synthetic telepathy by the intelligence/security community on religionists.

The wise and effective solution of any problem demands that the mind shall be free from bias, pasion, and all other purely personal prejudices which might interfere with a disinterested survey of the actual factors that go to make up the problem presenting itself for solution. The solution of life problems requires courage and sincerity. Only honest and brave individuals are able to follow valiantly through the perplexing and confusing maze of living to where the logic of a fearless mind may lead. (1773 D, 160:1:8)


Conspiracy OverviewThe Vern Grimsley Affair  | In-Depth Timeline: "The 'Voice' of Strangers"   | The Real Rael & Clonaid  | ACIM: Lie Down With Dogs, Get Up With Fleas! |

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Some material presented will contain links, quotes, ideologies, etc., the contents of which should be understood to first, in their whole, reflect the views or opinions of their editors, and second, are used in my personal research as "fair use" sources only, and not espousement one way or the other. Researching for 'truth' leads one all over the place...a piece here, a piece there. As a researcher, I hunt, gather and disassemble resources, trying to put all the pieces into a coherent and logical whole. I encourage you to do the same. And please remember, these pages are only my effort to collect all the pieces I can find and see if they properly fit into the 'reality aggregate'.

Personal Position

Personal Position:
I've come to realize that 'truth' boils down to what we 'believe' the facts we've gathered point to. We only 'know' what we've 'experienced' firsthand. Everything else - what we read, what we watch, what we hear - is what someone else's gathered facts point to and 'they' 'believe' is 'truth', so that 'truth' seems to change in direct proportion to newly gathered facts divided by applied plausibility. Though I believe there is 'truth', until someone celestial who 'knows' all the facts parts the heavens and throws us a scroll titled "Here Are ALL The Facts And Lies In The Order They Happened," I can't know for sure exactly what "the whole truth' on any given subject is, and what applies to me applies to everyone.
~Gail Bird Allen

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The Oxford Study Bible: Revised English Bible with Apocrypha
The Oxford Study Bible: Revised English Bible with Apocrypha The Oxford Study Bible: Revised English Bible with Apocrypha

This volume combines a cultural guide to the biblical world and an annotated Bible. Its notes feature the reflections of Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Jewish scholars.

  • Twenty-three insightful articles on aspects of the history, literary background, and culture of the biblical era.
  • A special index of people, places, and themes of the Bible.
  • 36 pages of full-color New Oxford Bible Maps, with index.

Paperback: 1860 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (March 12, 1992)

Nave's Topical Bible: A comprehensive Digest of over 20,000 Topics and Subtopics With More Than 10,000 Associated Scripture References

Nave's Topical Bible: A comprehensive Digest of over 20,000 Topics and Subtopics With More Than 10,000 Associated Scripture References Nave's Topical Bible: A comprehensive Digest of over 20,000 Topics and Subtopics With More Than 10,000 Associated Scripture References

"Nave's Topical Bible, " the best known of all topical bibles, has been a valuable Bible-study reference and a best-seller for more than 75 years. It is a comprehensive digest of over 20,000 topics and subtopics with more than 100,000 associated Scripture references. The most significant references for each topic actually include the full text of the verse cited saving the need to separately look up each verse.

Because "Nave's "groups verses by "idea" (or "topic"), it offers a better overview of relevant Scriptures than a concordance, which only lists or indexes verses according to specific words. This edition also includes the helpful Scripture index (left out of some other editions), which makes it possible for the reader studying a particular biblical text to locate every topic and grouping of Scripture in "Nave's "whenever a particular verse is included. That way, it is possible for the reader to study either all the verses related to a particular topic "or" all the topics related to a particular verse it works both ways.

For the pastor or teacher interested in saving hours of time but not willing to give their second best, and for anyone wanting to be challenged by what God has to say about a given subject, "Nave's Topical Bible" is the passport that will allow immediate and successful entry to the many points of interest."

About the Author

Orville J. Nave, A.M., D.D., LL.D., compiled this magnificient reference work while serving as a Chaplain in the United States Army. He referred to his work as "the result of fourteen years of delightful and untiring study of the Word of God."

Hardcover: 1616 pages
Publisher: Hendrickson Pub (July 1, 2002)

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (Super Value Series)

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (Super Value Series) Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (Super Value Series)

Read the best of Matthew Henry's classic commentary on the Bible in one convenient book. Henry's profound spiritual insights have touched lives for over 300 years. Indexed maps and charts make this a book any pastor, student, Bible teacher, or devotional reader will treasure!

About the Author

Matthew Henry (1662-1714) was a Presbyterian minister in England who began his commentary on the Bible in 1704. He completed his work up to the end of Acts before his death. Afterward, his ministerial friends completed the work from Henry's notes and writings.

Series: Super Value Series
Hardcover: 1200 pages
Publisher: Thomas Nelson (July 30, 2003)

Strongest Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
Strongest Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible Strongest Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible

Like a redwood that towers above all other trees, The Strongest Strong’s takes James Strong’s classic concordance to unprecedented heights. Reflecting thousands of research hours, custom computer technology, and an exclusive database perfected over twenty years, The Strongest Strong’s is packed with features that make it the last word in accuracy and usefulness. No other Strong’s concordance can touch it. This is no mere study tool. Destined to become a foundational resource for Bible study the world over, The Strongest Strong’s is a landmark in biblical reference works.

What Makes This Strong’s the Strongest? Rebuilding Strong’s time-honored concordance from the ground up, biblical research experts John Kohlenberger and James Swanson have achieved unprecedented accuracy and clarity. Longstanding errors have been corrected. Omissions filled in. Word studies simplified. Thoroughness and ease of use have been united and maximized.

Kohlenberger and Swanson have also added the Nave’s Topical Bible Reference System―the world’s most complete topical Bible, updated, expanded, and streamlined to meet the needs of today’s Bible user. No other edition of Strong’s or Nave’s gives you all the information combined in The Strongest Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

A Stunning Array of World-Class Features

In order to experience all the advantages of The Strongest Strong’s, you’ll have to look inside. But here is a thumbnail sketch of what awaits you:

  • Computer-verified accuracy. For the first time ever, cutting-edge computer analysis provides unparalleled, pinpoint accuracy
  • Strong’s numbering system speeds you through word studies, giving you clear insights into Greek and Hebrew words
  • Goodrick-Kohlenberger numbers in the dictionary indexes give you access to the growing library of reference tools that use these numbers―another unique feature
  • The most up-to-date Hebrew and Greek dictionaries ensure precise meaning in your word studies
  • Nave’s Topical Bible Reference System supplies the complete descriptive content and references (without the Bible text) of Nave’s Topical Bible, expanded to provide a total of more than 100,000 verses indexed by subject, word, phrase, synonym, and example
  • Cross-references to places and names used in Bible translations besides the KJV
  • Word counts furnish a complete accounting of every word in the Bible
  • Fast-Tab locators help you find your place quickly and easily
  • Smythe-sewn binding opens fully, lays flat, and lasts longer
  • Words of Christ highlighted in red
  • Maps
  • Clear, easy-to-read type PLUS: Comprehensive guidance for using The Strongest Strong’s
  • Major Social Concerns of the Mosaic Covenant
  • Old Testament Sacrifices
  • Hebrew Calendar
  • Hebrew Feasts and Holy Days
  • Weights, Lengths, and Measures of the Bible
  • Kings of the Bible
  • Harmony of the Gospels
  • Prophecies of the Messiah Fulfilled in Jesus
  • Parables of Jesus
  • Miracles of Jesus
  • Chronology of the Bible

About the Author

Dr. James Strong (1822-1894) was formerly president of Troy University and professor of exegetical theology at Drew Theological Seminary.

Hardcover: 1742 pages
Publisher: Zondervan; Supesaver ed. edition (September 1, 2001)

Zondervan Pictorial Encylopedia of the Bible, Vols. 1-5
Zondervan Pictorial Encylopedia of the Bible, Vols. 1-5 The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible (5 Volume Set)

From the Back Cover

The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible, the result of more than ten years of research and preparation, provides Bible students with a comprehensive and reliable library of information. Varying viewpoints of scholarship permit a well-rounded perspective on significant issues relating to doctrines, themes, and biblical interpretation. Well-organized and generously illustrated, this encyclopedia will become a frequently used resource and reference work because of its many helpful features: - More than 5,000 pages of vital information of Bible lands and people - More than 7,500 articles alphabetically arranged for easy reference - Hundreds of full-color and black-and-white illustrations, charts, and graphs - Thirty-two pages of full-color maps and hundreds of black-and-white outline maps for quick perspective and ready reference - Scholarly articles ranging across the entire spectrum of theological and biblical topics, backed by recent archaeological discoveries - Two hundred and thirty-eight contributors from around the world. The editors have brought to this encyclopedia the fruit of many years of study and research.

About the Author

Merrill C. Tenney was professor of theological studies and dean of the Graduate school of Theology at Wheaton College.

Hardcover: 5 volume set More than 5,000 pages
Publisher: Zondervan Publishing House; Second Printing edition (March 15, 1975)

HarperColins Bible Dictionary
HarperColins Bible Dictionary HarperCollins Bible Dictionary

The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary puts the latest and most comprehensive biblical scholarship at your fingertips. Here is everything you need to know to fully understand the Old Testament, the Apocrypha, and the New Testament. An unparalleled resource, The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary explains every aspect of the Bible, including biblical archaeology, culture, related writings such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Bible‘s influence on Western civilization, biblical history, theological concepts, modern biblical interpretations, flora nad fauna, climate and environment, crafts and industry, the content of individual books of the bible, and more.

The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary features:

  • Contributions by 193 noted experts on the Bible and the ancient Near East
  • More than 3700 entries covering the Bible from A to Z
  • Outlines for each book of the Bible
  • 590 black–and–white photographs
  • 53 color photographs
  • An updated pronunciation guide
  • 72 black–and–white maps
  • 18 color maps
  • Dozens of drawings, diagrams, and tables

About the Author

Paul J. Achtemeier is Professor of Biblical Interpretation at Union Theological Seminary in Richmond, Virginia. A widely respected authority on the Bible, he is the author or co-author of 14 books, former editor of the quarterly Interpretation, and New Testament editor of the Interpretation Biblical Commentary Series. Professor Achtemeier has also been chief executive officer and president of the Society of Biblical Literature, and president of the Catholic Biblical Association.

The Editorial Board of the revised edition of The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary includes associate editors; Roger S. Boraas, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Religion, Uppsala College; Michael Fishbane, Ph.D., Nathan Cummings Professor of Jewish Studies, University of Chicago Divinity School; Pheme Perkins, Ph.D., Professor of Theology (New Testament), Boston College; and William O. Walker, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Religion, Trinity University.

The Society of Biblical Literature is a seven-thousand-member international group of experts on the Bible and related fields. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. Review

For the maps alone, this book is worth it. Following 1,250 pages that describe and explain the people, places, terms, and events of the Bible from Aaron to Zurishaddai, the 16 spectacular maps detail the political entities and boundaries of biblical times, bringing the historic times to vivid life. A fascinating book, an impressive collection of scholarship, and a possession to cherish, the 188 contributors and five editors show what can be produced if you don't cut corners on excellence. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

Hardcover: 1178 pages
Publisher: HarperOne; Rev Upd Su edition

Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary Old and New Testament

Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary Old and New Testament Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary Old and New Testament

A Nelson exclusive. Study the meaning of biblical words in the original languages-without spending years learning Greek or Hebrew. This classic reference tool has helped thousands dig deeper into the meaning of the biblical text. Explains over 6,000 key biblical words. Includes a brand new comprehensive topical index that enables you to study biblical topics more thoroughly than ever before.

Hardcover: 1184 pages
Publisher: Thomas Nelson; 2nd Edition edition (August 26, 1996)


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