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The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

This attractive one-volume survey tells the story of Ireland from earliest times to the present. The text is complemented by 200 illustrations, including maps, photographs and diagrams. Sean Duffy, the general editor of the bestselling Atlas of Irish History, has written a text of exceptional clarity. Duffy stresses the enduring themes of his story: the long cultural continuity; the central importance of Ireland's relationships with Britain and mainland Europe; and the intractability of the ethnic and national divisions in modern Ulster. As a specialist in medieval Irish history, he gives the earlier period its due treatment - unlike most such surveys - thus introducing these recurring themes at an early stage.

About the Author

Sean Duffy is Professor of Medieval History at Trinity College Dublin and one of Ireland's foremost medieval historians. His other books include Ireland in the Middle Ages and Brian Boru and The Battle of Clontarf.

Paperback: 256 pages
Publisher: Gill Books; New Ed edition (August 9, 2005)

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland has rarely been out of the news during the past thirty years. Whether as a war-zone in which Catholic nationalists and Protestant Unionists struggled for supremacy, a case study in conflict resolution or an economy that for a time promised to make the Irish among the wealthiest people on the planet, the two Irelands have truly captured the world's imagination. Yet single-volume histories of Ireland are rare. Here, Thomas Bartlett, one of the country’s leading historians, sets out a fascinating new history that ranges from prehistory to the present. Integrating politics, society and culture, he offers an authoritative historical road map that shows exactly how - and why - Ireland, north and south, arrived at where it is today. This is an indispensable guide to both the legacies of the past for Ireland's present and to the problems confronting north and south in the contemporary world.

About the Author

Thomas Bartlett is Professor of Irish History at the School of Divinity, History and Philosophy, University of Aberdeen. His previous publications include The Fall and Rise of the Irish Nation: The Catholic Question, 1690–1830 (1992), A Military History of Ireland (1996, with Keith Jeffery) and Revolutionary Dublin: The Letters of Francis Higgins to Dublin Castle, 1795–1801 (2004).

Paperback: 641 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; Reprint edition (August 15, 2011)

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

This engaging book traces the history, archaeology, and legends of ancient Ireland from 9000 B.C., when nomadic hunter-gatherers appeared in Ireland at the end of the last Ice Age to 1167 A.D., when a Norman invasion brought the country under control of the English crown for the first time. So much of what people today accept as ancient Irish history—Celtic invaders from Europe turning Ireland into a Celtic nation; St. Patrick driving the snakes from Ireland and converting its people to Christianity—is myth and legend with little basis in reality. The truth is more interesting. The Irish, as the authors show, are not even Celtic in an archaeological sense. And there were plenty of bishops in Ireland before a British missionary called Patrick arrived. But In Search of Ancient Ireland is not simply the story of events from long ago. Across Ireland today are festivals, places, and folk customs that provide a tangible link to events thousands of years past. The authors visit and describe many of these places and festivals, talking to a wide variety of historians, scholars, poets, and storytellers in the very settings where history happened. Thus the book is also a journey on the ground to uncover ten thousand years of Irish identity. In Search of Ancient Ireland is the official companion to the three-part PBS documentary series. With 14 black-and-white photos, 6 b&w illustrations, and 1 map.

About the Author

Carmel McCaffrey lectures on Irish history, literature, culture, and language at Johns Hopkins University. A native of Dublin, she founded the literary review Wild About Wilde. She has also written In Search of Ireland's Heroes. She is a Gaelic speaker and frequently travels back to Ireland. She lives in Mt. Airy, Maryland.

Leo Eaton has produced, written, and directed television and film in Europe and the United States for thirty years and has received many of television's major awards. London-born, he lives in New Windsor, Maryland.

Paperback: 304 pages
Publisher: Ivan R. Dee; Reprint edition (June 11, 2003)

The Urantia Book The Urantia Book
The Urantia Book The Urantia Book

Love

Love is truly contagious and eternally creative. (p. 2018) “Devote your life to proving that love is the greatest thing in the world.” (p. 2047) “Love is the ancestor of all spiritual goodness, the essence of the true and the beautiful.” (p. 2047) The Father’s love can become real to mortal man only by passing through that man’s personality as he in turn bestows this love upon his fellows. (p. 1289) The secret of a better civilization is bound up in the Master’s teachings of the brotherhood of man, the good will of love and mutual trust. (p. 2065)

Prayer

Prayer is not a technique of escape from conflict but rather a stimulus to growth in the very face of conflict. (p. 1002) The sincerity of any prayer is the assurance of its being heard. … (p. 1639) God answers man’s prayer by giving him an increased revelation of truth, an enhanced appreciation of beauty, and an augmented concept of goodness. (p. 1002) …Never forget that the sincere prayer of faith is a mighty force for the promotion of personal happiness, individual self-control, social harmony, moral progress, and spiritual attainment. (p. 999)

Suffering

There is a great and glorious purpose in the march of the universes through space. All of your mortal struggling is not in vain. (p. 364) Mortals only learn wisdom by experiencing tribulation. (p. 556)

Angels

The angels of all orders are distinct personalities and are highly individualized. (p. 285) Angels....are fully cognizant of your moral struggles and spiritual difficulties. They love human beings, and only good can result from your efforts to understand and love them. (p. 419)

Our Divine Destiny

If you are a willing learner, if you want to attain spirit levels and reach divine heights, if you sincerely desire to reach the eternal goal, then the divine Spirit will gently and lovingly lead you along the pathway of sonship and spiritual progress. (p. 381) …They who know that God is enthroned in the human heart are destined to become like him—immortal. (p. 1449) God is not only the determiner of destiny; he is man’s eternal destination. (p. 67)

Family

Almost everything of lasting value in civilization has its roots in the family. (p. 765) The family is man’s greatest purely human achievement. ... (p. 939)

Faith

…Faith will expand the mind, ennoble the soul, reinforce the personality, augment the happiness, deepen the spirit perception, and enhance the power to love and be loved. (p. 1766) “Now, mistake not, my Father will ever respond to the faintest flicker of faith.” (p. 1733)

History/Science

The story of man’s ascent from seaweed to the lordship of earthly creation is indeed a romance of biologic struggle and mind survival. (p. 731) 2,500,000,000 years ago… Urantia was a well developed sphere about one tenth its present mass. … (p. 658) 1,000,000,000 years ago is the date of the actual beginning of Urantia [Earth] history. (p. 660) 450,000,000 years ago the transition from vegetable to animal life occurred. (p. 669) From the year A.D. 1934 back to the birth of the first two human beings is just 993,419 years. (p. 707) About five hundred thousand years ago…there were almost one-half billion primitive human beings on earth. … (p. 741) Adam and Eve arrived on Urantia, from the year A.D. 1934, 37,848 years ago. (p. 828)

From the Inside Flap

What’s Inside?

Parts I and II

God, the inhabited universes, life after death, angels and other beings, the war in heaven.

Part III

The history of the world, science and evolution, Adam and Eve, development of civilization, marriage and family, personal spiritual growth.

Part IV

The life and teachings of Jesus including the missing years. AND MUCH MORE…

Excerpts

God, …God is the source and destiny of all that is good and beautiful and true. (p. 1431) If you truly want to find God, that desire is in itself evidence that you have already found him. (p. 1440) When man goes in partnership with God, great things may, and do, happen. (p. 1467)

The Origin of Human Life, The universe is not an accident... (p. 53) The universe of universes is the work of God and the dwelling place of his diverse creatures. (p. 21) The evolutionary planets are the spheres of human origin…Urantia [Earth] is your starting point. … (p. 1225) In God, man lives, moves, and has his being. (p. 22)

The Purpose of Life, There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life. (p. 365) This new gospel of the kingdom… presents a new and exalted goal of destiny, a supreme life purpose. (p. 1778)

Jesus, The religion of Jesus is the most dynamic influence ever to activate the human race. (p. 1091) What an awakening the world would experience if it could only see Jesus as he really lived on earth and know, firsthand, his life-giving teachings! (p. 2083)

Science, Science, guided by wisdom, may become man’s great social liberator. (p. 909) Mortal man is not an evolutionary accident. There is a precise system, a universal law, which determines the unfolding of the planetary life plan on the spheres of space. (p. 560)

Life after Death, God’s love is universal… He is “not willing that any should perish.” (p. 39) Your short sojourn on Urantia [Earth]…is only a single link, the very first in the long chain that is to stretch across universes and through the eternal ages. (p. 435) …Death is only the beginning of an endless career of adventure, an everlasting life of anticipation, an eternal voyage of discovery. (p. 159)

About the Author

The text of The Urantia Book was provided by one or more anonymous contributors working with a small staff which provided editorial and administrative support during the book's creation. The book bears no particular credentials (from a human viewpoint), relying instead on the power and beauty of the writing itself to persuade the reader of its authenticity.

Leather Bound: 2097 pages
Publisher: Urantia Foundation; Box Lea edition (August 25, 2015)

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History (Oxford Quick Reference)

'A companion to be cherished', 'judicious and authoritative', 'informative and entertaining', an 'invaluable work of reference' - these are just some of the phrases used by reviewers to describe the Oxford Companion to Irish History.

The history of Ireland has long been at the epicentre of political and academic debate. Interest in Irish culture, politics, and society, both ancient and modern, never seems to falter, not only in scholarly circles but also among the general public.

With over 1,800 entries, this Companion - now available in the Oxford Paperback Reference series - offers a comprehensive and authoritative guide to all aspects of Ireland's past from earliest times to the present day. There is coverage not only of leading political figures, organizations, and events but also of subjects such as dress, music, sport, and diet. Traditional topics such as the rebellion of 1798 and the Irish Civil War sit alongside entries on newly developing areas such as women's history and popular culture.

In addition to A-Z entries the Companion includes a section of maps showing the shape of modern Ireland, post-reformation ecclesiastical divisions in Ireland, political divisions circa 800, Ireland circa 1350, Ireland in the late 15th century, and the pattern of transport and communications in Ireland. There is also a subject index, which groups headwords into thematic batches to provide an alternative way to access the entries.

The Oxford Companion to Irish History is invaluable to students as a work of general reference and to the general public with an interest in the history and culture of Ireland. It also appeals to academics both for the longer analytical entries and as a source of reference for topics outside their immediate area of expertise.

About the Author

Sean Connolly is Professor of Irish History at the School of History and Anthropology, Queen's University, Belfast. His previous posts have included Archivist at the Public Record Office of Ireland, Lecturer at St Patrick's College, Dublin, and Lecturer and later Reader in History at the University of Ulster. He is the author and editor of a number of titles.

Paperback: 672 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 2nd ed. edition (April 8, 2011)

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Explore a marvelous world of glamoury: the Celtic Otherworld of shadow and Sidhe, a realm where everything that ever was, is, or will be, exists right now. The Celts had a life-affirming, mystical way of viewing and living life, in tune with the forces of Nature and magic. Drawing upon Irish Celtic spiritual tradition, history, literature, and myth, this tried and true guidebook (formerly titled Glamoury,) offers a holistic system that will help you reconnect with this enchanting realm―the Green World of the Celts.

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld presents techniques for becoming attuned to the life forces of the Green World through seasonal rituals, visualizations, and practical magical workings. Learn how to find your way around the Otherworld, and gain an understanding of how each of us constantly shapes and affects the land on which we live. Most importantly, discover how to make contact with inhabitants of the Otherworld in order to deepen your spiritual practice and enrich your everyday life.

About the Author

Steve Blamires was born in Ayr, Scotland, and is one of the foremost Celtic scholars in the world. He is a co-founder of The Company of Avalon, a working magical group offering an in-depth training in the Western Mystery Tradition. He leads spiritual tours to many of the sacred sites of Northern Europe. He has written numerous articles for publications in both the U.K. and U.S. He is the author of the book Celtic Tree Mysteries: Practical Druid Magic & Divination.

Paperback: 352 pages
Publisher: Llewellyn Publications; Illustrated edition (January 8, 2005)

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

First published over forty years ago and now updated to cover the “Celtic Tiger” economic boom of the 2000s and subsequent worldwide recession, this new edition of a perennial bestseller interprets Irish history as a whole. Designed and written to be popular and authoritative, critical and balanced, it has been a core text in both Irish and American universities for decades. It has also proven to be an extremely popular book for casual readers with an interest in history and Irish affairs. Considered the definitive history among the Irish themselves, it is an essential text for anyone interested in the history of Ireland.

About the Author

The late T.W. Moody (1907 - 1984) was, for many years, professor of modern history at Trinity College, Dublin.

F.X. Martin (1923 - 2000) was Emeritus Professor of Medieval History, University College, Dublin.

Dermot Keogh is Emeritus Professor of History and Emeritus Professor of European Integration Studies, University College Cork.

Patrick Kiely is the Online Learning Development and Delivery Coordinator, Teaching & Learning, University College Cork. From 2008 to 2011, he was a Research Fellow in Irish Diplomatic History under the auspices of the Irish National Institute for Historical Research, School of History, UCC.

Paperback: 544 pages
Publisher: Roberts Rinehart; Fifth edition (September 16, 2012)

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The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One

The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One: The Servants of Truth: Druidic Traditions & Influence Explored

The follow up to the acclaimed book Atlantis, Alien Visitation, and Genetic Manipulation, Michael Tsarion’s The Irish Origins of Civilization concentrates on the fate of the world after the fall of Atlantis and birth of evil.

In the tradition of Zecharia Sitchin and Immanuel Velikovsky, Michael’s investigations reveal the reason for the eradication of the Druids and highlight for the first time the terrible campaign of genocide against the ancient Irish elders whose knowledge once enriched world culture. Michael exposes the true origins of the world’s premier secret societies and reveals the remarkable mysteries they have been sworn to guard by sword and deception. He shows that the elements of civilization - megalithic construction, writing, music, astronomy, astrology, medicine, farming, navigation, and most importantly the principles of religion, originated in Britain, Ireland and Scandinavia.

Every European needs to read this book to find out how the history of "Anglo-Saxon" man has been misrepresented and perverted. Michael explains the true meaning of the word Aryan and shows that it was the original name of Ireland. He explains the reason why so many tribes speak of the coming of the fair gods, the men of wisdom. He explains the connections between the Irish Druids and Egyptian Amenists and the ruin Akhenaton's Luciferian cult brought to Egypt and the world. As Michael wrote...

"What does it mean to live in the age of revealing? It means the light that royals and secret societies claim to adore is finally being shone brightly upon their own orders and ideologies. It means the Sun of Truth has finally risen to expose their once hidden machinery of tyranny and control…

…The auction of a whole civilization - the finest known - and the extermination of the Druids are two of many subjects brought to the limelight in these volumes. It is for this reason this author first chose - in Atlantis, Alien Visitation and Genetic Manipulation - to deal with Atlantis and Lemuria, since it was from there the story of the ancestors of Gaels and Celts begins. If we are to seek out the origins of Arthurian legends and Welsh, Irish and Scottish myths, it is to lost Atlantis and Lemuria we are to look. And if we are to seek reasons why the true story of these places and peoples has not been revealed, we begin with the powers that dominate and rule mankind from behind the obvious thrones of religion and politics. These ruthless agencies have their origins in the ancient past, and are biological or ideological descendants of the sorcerers of Atlantis…

…For those hot on the trail of the world’s premier secret societies, this book will be an invaluable source of revelation. It alone reveals the intelligence behind Royalty, Masonry and Judeo-Christianity.”

Paperback: 531 pages
Publisher: Unslaved Media (February 27, 2012)

The Goddess Minerva and Symbolism


Appendix XIV to Volume II

of

The Irish Origins of Civilization


by

Michael Tsarion




The Irish Origins of Civilization
The Irish Origins of Civilization

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Irish Origins Appendices

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Illuminati Degree System

The Illuminati divided their Order and system of initiation into three categories and nine stages. The three stages or grades were:

Nursery Grade
Masonry Grade
Mystery Grade

The Nursery Grade was itself divided into three stages of:

Novice
Minerval, and
Illuminatus Minor

The Masonic Grade was divided into:

Illuminatus Major, and
Illuminatus Dirigens

And within the Mystery Grade were four final stages of:

Presbyter
Principatus Illuminatus
Magus, and
Rex

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Minerva was probably revered by the Illuminati because of her connection to Prometheus who, with the goddess's assistance, stole fire (knowledge) from the gods of Olympus so men on earth could rise above a primitive level and eventually match the gods in power and ability.

Dividing schools of mystery according to a threefold schemata was once the habit of the Irish Druids. This is significant since Minerva had undoubtedly been based on the ancient Irish goddess Brigid.

We might note the suggestive fact that the final initiatory stage of the final grade was named "Rex," which means "King." The Illuminati were officially supposed to be anti-monarchy. This term leads us to doubt this assertion. After all, it was an assertion made by the Illuminati elite. Additionally, the esoteric symbolism pertaining to the cult of Minerva was employed during the coronation ceremony of Queen Elizabeth II. So, despite the spin, we might question whether there is truly a difference between the Illuminati and the royal houses of the world? We think not.

Incidentally, thirteen objects of regalia were involved during the Queen's coronation. This is the same number of stars on the flag of the United States of Europe, and that can be found above the eagle's head on the US one dollar bill. As we showed in the Irish Origins of Civilization (Volume Two), thirteen is the number of the Cult of Aton. In Judaism, thirteen denotes the Levites. The Levites were the recipients of the secret and mysterious "Oral Tradition" on Mount Sinai. (Here for more...)

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8. Jeweled Sword 
9. The Ampulla (Eagle)
10. The Spurs
11. The Royal Scepter
12. St. Edward's Staff
13. The Scepter with the Dove (or Virge)
1. The Orb
2. St. Edward's Crown
3. Imperial Crown of State
4. The Sword of State
5. The Sword of Mercy
6. The Sword of Spiritual Justice
7. The Sword of Temporal Justice

As I point out in the Irish Origins of Civilization, the dove is the emblem of the "Davids," or commanders of the House of Aton. The dove staff is referred to as the "Virge," meaning Virgin. As well as referring to the astrological sign of Virgo, it is yet another occult reference to Minerva.

Who Was Minerva?

...daughter of Jupiter, patroness of health, learning, and wisdom - Bulfinch's Mythology (Glossary)

The Roman goddess Minerva was based on the Greek Athena, who, in turn, was based on earlier Egyptian goddesses such as Isis and Neith. These goddesses were, in turn, based on earlier Western antetypes. They were described as "virginal" and were commonly depicted with fair complexions. They were the mothers of the various sun gods. Most of the Eastern goddesses who turn up in Greek and Roman pantheons were based on the Aryan goddesses Danu, Ana and Brigit. One perfect example is Hera, the supreme goddess of the Greeks. She was based on Eri, goddess of Ireland. (See Chapter Ten, The Disciples of Horus, for more on this subject.)

Minerva was the Roman name of Greek goddess Athena. She was considered to be the virgin goddess of warriors, poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, crafts, and the inventor of music - Wikipedia Online Encyclopedia (Entry on Minerva)

In Sais the statue of Athena whom they believe to be Isis, bore the mysterious inscription: "I am all that has been, and is, and shall be, and my robe no mortal has yet uncovered" - Plutarch

From the name Athena we get the city name Athens. Many cities of the world were consecrated to goddesses. The very word city may derive from cteis, meaning "circle" (a reference to the ovum). Athena was a version of Egyptian goddesses Neith and Isis. Neith was depicted as warlike and armored, same as the Grecian version (Pallas Athena). She carried a bow, which doubles up as a womb symbol. (Arrows being phallic symbols.)

So we can see that the Illuminati worshiped pagan goddesses. More importantly, their Minerva was based on Egyptian antetypes. This helps us to link them to the Solar and Stellar Cults of antiquity. If the members of the Order are not biologically related to the sun priests of old, they are certainly ideologically related.

Minerva's Birth

Minerva (Pallas, Athene), the goddess of wisdom, was the offspring of Jupiter, without a mother. She sprang forth from his head completely armed. Her favorite bird was the owl, and the plant sacred to her the olive - Bulfinch's Mythology
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In British mythology Minerva was known as Sulis. The bronze head above - of Minerva (or Sulis) - was discovered at the city of Bath that was dedicated to her. The word Sulis means "eye." It also means "opening" or "portal." This latter meaning connotes the female vagina. Some scholars believe the word Sulis comes from the Indo-European Sewel, which meant "sun." Minerva was undoubtedly a version of Baratana, and the the primordial Irish goddess Brigid. Scholars accept that she is closely connected to the Celtic Brigantia. The Christian Saint Brigid of Kildare was also based on the early Irish goddess. (See sources section below for more on these goddesses.) In the movie Avatar, James Cameron's protagonist goes by the name Jake Sully. Is this a subtextual reference to Sulis and Minerva, goddess of the Illuminati?

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Minerva the Virgin

Not only was Minerva "immaculately" conceived (being without a mother), but she was also a virginal goddess.

If we examine the name of Athena, we shall, perhaps, be able to paint a picture soberer in colouring but nearer to the facts. The longer form of Athena's name, Athenaia, is simply a feminine adjective, she-of-Athens, the maiden of Athens. The Hymn addresses her as "Pallas, our Lady of Athens." This other name, Pallas, simply means virgin. If the claim of Hera to maidenhood is shadowy, it is not so with Athena. She is maiden through and through, and her temple is rightly called the maiden-sanctuary, the Parthenon - Jane Harrison (Myths of Greece and Rome)

Related Goddesses

The Roman Minerva was a composite deity. She is either identical with, or mythologically related to, the following goddesses of antiquity:

Menrva (Etruscan)
Pallas Athena (Greek)
Neith (Egypt)
Ma'at (Egypt)
Isis (Egypt)
Brigantia (Britain)
Brigid (Ireland)
Baratana (Britain)
Victoria (Roman)
Sulis (Britain)
Saule (Balts)
Nike (Roman)
Vacuna (Roman)

Pallas Athena

The word Pallas means "virginal." Minerva was, therefore, both immaculately conceived and virginal. For the Greeks Pallas Athena symbolized man's reason. She assisted Prometheus in his plot to steal "fire" (knowledge) from the gods to give to men. This is because she sprang from the head of Zeus. Hitherto, men have associated her with the intellect and with reason. In this aspect she is close to the Egyptian goddess Ma'at, and many other "virgin" goddess of Egypt, such as Neith and Isis. In fact, if we examine the names Neith and Athena, we can see faint etymological similarities.

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Minerva was known by the Athenians
of Greece as Athena or Pallas Athena.

The Shakespeare Controversy

A secondary meaning of Pallas is "shaker." Indeed, Athena was known as the "Spear Shaker." Since her symbol was the spear, some scholars have been lead to connect Athena to the work of William Shakespeare, whom, it is believed, adopted his surname from the goddess in question. Moreover, some researchers believe that the historical personage responsible for the plays and poems of "Shakespeare," was none other than scientific genius Sir Francis Bacon, the editor of the King James Bible and author of the The New Atlantis. Suggestively, Bacon was a member of a Masonic enclave known as the "Knights of the Helmet," named after Minerva, or Pallas Athena. These goddesses - along with Anat and Tanit, etc - may derive from a Persian original known as Anahita.

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Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626 AD) is believed by
some occult researchers to be the true author of the
works of Elizabethan playwright William Shakespeare.

A Knight Templar, and major Occultist, Sir Francis Bacon was appointed Solicitor-General and Chief Advisor to the British Crown on June 25th 1607. He conceived the idea of reactivating various secret societies and in 1580 founded the secret Rosicrosse Literary Society and the Lodge of Free and Accepted Speculative Masons. Bacon is said to have introduced the 33 Degree system into Masonry, from the original Templar 9 Degrees - Tony Bushby (Bible Fraud)

For one year he had in his possession the first English translations of the Bible. In fact, he was the first major editor of what would become the King James Bible. He also added secret information into the Bible which was not there before. It will eventually be proved that the whole structure of the Authorized Bible was Francis Bacon’s. He was and ardent student not only of the Bible, but also of early manuscripts - William T. Smedley (Biographer of Bacon)

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See links below on the Shakespeare Controversy

The Spear

The goddess, Minerva...was a daughter of Jupiter, but she was born in a very strange way, for she sprang out of her father's head, clothed in bright armour, and with a spear in her hand - Reginald C. Couzens (The Stories of the Months and Days)
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The seal of the State of California depicting Minerva with
her spear. This goddess was based on the primordial
Western mother goddesses Sulis, Brigid and Baratana.

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Minerva is displayed on the Medal of Honor. The Medal
of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the
United States government. Note the inverted pentacle.

Minerva and the Owl

Minerva was the first deity to build an enclosed house. She is therefore connected with building and architecture. One of her symbols was the butterfly. However, her main symbol was the owl.

Her name has the "mn-" stem, linked with memory. See Greek "Mnemosyne"...memory, remembrance, recollection. The Romans could have confused her foreign name with their word mens meaning "mind" since one of her aspects as goddess pertained not only to war but also to the intellectual. Minerva is the Roman name for Athena the goddess of Wisdom and Virginity. She is also depicted as an owl - Wikipedia Online Encyclopedia (Entry on Minerva)
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The owl of goddess Minerva secreted onto the US one dollar bill. Minerva was, like the Egyptian goddess Neith, connected with webs and weaving. The owl is the symbol of the Bohemian Club. It may also be a symbol for the Order of the Illuminati. In the Illuminati system of initiation, there is a degree named "Minerval." As far as the dollar symbolism goes, Minerva could quite easily and realistically associated with the number 1. After all, she was the firstborn of Jupiter, was immaculately conceived, virginal, and independent. Minerva was the goddess of war. Certainly, warmongering has enriched the United States government more than any other enterprise.

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The translucent wings of the Monarch Butterfly,
one of the lesser known symbols of Minerva.

Minerva as War Goddess

In her warlike aspect, Minerva resembles the Egyptian goddess Neith, who was also considered "virginal."

She was also a warlike divinity; but it was defensive war only that she patronized, and she had no sympathy with Mars's savage love of violence and bloodshed. Athens was her chosen seat, her own city, awarded to her as the prize of a contest with Neptune, who also aspired to it - Bulfinch's Mythology

They were at last subdued by thunderbolts, which Minerva invented, and taught Vulcan and his Cyclopes to make for Jupiter - ibid

Chief Symbols of Minerva

House
Spear
Axe (Labrys)
Olive Tree
Owl
Butterfly
Sea Eagle
Serpent
Web
Helmet
Shield or emblem featuring Medusa's Head

Athens and the Serpent

The serpent was mixed up to a considerable extent with the worship of many other of the Grecian deities. The statues, by Phidias, of Minerva, represent her as decorated with this emblem. In ancient medals, as shown by Montfaucon, she sometimes holds a caduceus in her right hand; at other times she has a staff around which a serpent is twisted, and at others, a large serpent appears going in front of her; while she is sometimes seen with her crest composed of a serpent. It is remarkable too, that in the Acropolis at Athens was kept a live serpent who was generally considered the guardian of the place, and Athens was a city specially consecrated to Minerva - (Ophiolatreia)

The goddess Minerva also was often represented with a dragon, or serpent - in statues, medals, and the like. The city of Athens was specially consecrated to her - and in the Acropolis there was kept a live serpent, which was regarded as the guardian of the place- Henry Shepheard (Traditions of Eden)

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A woodcut showing Minerva with spear
and serpent. Note the stag, the animal
sacred to the ancient Arya of the West.

Minerva and Law

As the patron of justice, judges, and lawmakers, Minerva closely resembles the Egyptian goddess Ma'at.


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Minerva dictating the American Constitution.
It doesn't get more explicit than this.

Minerva and the Creation of Man

Prometheus was one of the Titans, a gigantic race, who inhabited the earth before the creation of man. To him and his brother Epimetheus was committed the office of making man, and providing him and all other animals with the faculties necessary for their preservation. Epimetheus undertook to do this, and Prometheus was to overlook his work, when it was done. Epimetheus accordingly proceeded to bestow upon the different animals the various gifts of courage, strength, swiftness, sagacity; wings to one, claws to another, a shelly covering to a third, etc. But when man came to be provided for, who was to be superior to all other animals, Epimetheus had been so prodigal of his resources that he had nothing left to bestow upon him. In his perplexity he resorted to his brother Prometheus, who, with the aid of Minerva, went up to heaven, and lighted his torch at the chariot of the sun, and brought down fire to man. With this gift man was more than a match for all other animals. It enabled him to make weapons wherewith to subdue them; tools with which to cultivate the earth; to warm his dwelling, so as to be comparatively independent of climate; and finally to introduce the arts and to coin money, the means of trade and commerce - (Bulfinch's Mythology)

The Palladium of Troy

There was in Troy a celebrated statue of Minerva called the Palladium. It was said to have fallen from heaven, and the belief was that the city could not be taken so long as this statue remained within it - (Bulfinch's Mythology)

City of Bath

Bladud built the city of Bath, and dedicated the medicinal waters to Minerva. He was a man of great invention, and practiced the arts of magic - (Bulfinch's Mythology)

Minerva as Weaver

Minerva invented the flute, and played upon it to the delight of all the celestial auditors - ibid

The Queen of Spades

In regular playing decks Minerva is depicted as the Queen of Spades. The suit of Spades represents the warrior (knightly) class. The Hearts or Cups represent the clergy, the Clubs or Wands represent the peasant or worker class, and the diamonds or disks represent the merchant class. In the Tarot the Queen of Spades is equivalent with the Queen of Swords. In the Major Arcana, the card entitled Justice is assigned to the astrological sign of Libra. The esoteric symbolism of this both Libran cards (Queen of Swords and Justice) features prominently during the coronation of the Queen of England, Elizabeth Windsor.

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The Queen of Spades (center card) depicts the goddess Minerva or Pallas Athena. The suit of spades corresponds with the Tarot's suit of Swords. Minerva would therefore be represented by the Tarot card known as the Queen of Swords. It is associated with the astrological sign of Libra, that is in turn connected to Ma'at, goddess of balance and harmony.

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The Queen of Swords of the Tarot's Minor Arcana. This card is associated with the Egyptian goddess Ma'at. It is also connected to Libra, the seventh sign of the zodiac. Minerva was associated with the seventh month of the year. Interestingly, during the coronation ceremony of Elizabeth Windsor, the symbolism of this Tarot card was employed. In other words, esoteric symbolism pertaining to the goddesses Ma'at and Minerva was incorporated into the Queen's coronation ceremony. The Major Arcana card assigned to Libra is numbered eleven and entitled Justice. Indeed, Minerva was the goddess of Justice. Statues of Minerva holding the scales of justice can be seen on numerous buildings throughout the western world.

Here - The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth



RECOMMENDED LINKS

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Bacon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_shakespeare
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakespeare_authorship_question
http://baconisshakespeare.50megs.com/
http://www.henryneville.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=30&Itemid=9
http://www.lets-talk.org/shakespeare.htm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FxwYzmyzKNE&feature=player_embedded
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brigid
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brigantia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brigid_of_Ireland
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athena
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neith
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuna
http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/mgr/index.htm
http://www.geocities.com/athens/acropolis/1896/illum.html
http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/anti-masonry/stauffer.html
http://www.sirbacon.org/gallery/athena.html
http://www.sirbacon.org/knightmp.htm
http://www.sirbacon.org/doddch2martyrdom.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prometheus
http://blog.wired.com/defense/2008/05/project-minerva.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Edward%27s_Crown


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Irish Origins Appendices

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Disclaimer

Disclaimer:
Some material presented will contain links, quotes, ideologies, etc., the contents of which should be understood to first, in their whole, reflect the views or opinions of their editors, and second, are used in my personal research as "fair use" sources only, and not espousement one way or the other. Researching for 'truth' leads one all over the place...a piece here, a piece there. As a researcher, I hunt, gather and disassemble resources, trying to put all the pieces into a coherent and logical whole. I encourage you to do the same. And please remember, these pages are only my effort to collect all the pieces I can find and see if they properly fit into the 'reality aggregate'.

Personal Position

Personal Position:
I've come to realize that 'truth' boils down to what we 'believe' the facts we've gathered point to. We only 'know' what we've 'experienced' firsthand. Everything else - what we read, what we watch, what we hear - is what someone else's gathered facts point to and 'they' 'believe' is 'truth', so that 'truth' seems to change in direct proportion to newly gathered facts divided by applied plausibility. Though I believe there is 'truth', until someone celestial who 'knows' all the facts parts the heavens and throws us a scroll titled "Here Are ALL The Facts And Lies In The Order They Happened," I can't know for sure exactly what "the whole truth' on any given subject is, and what applies to me applies to everyone.
~Gail Bird Allen

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The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

This attractive one-volume survey tells the story of Ireland from earliest times to the present. The text is complemented by 200 illustrations, including maps, photographs and diagrams. Sean Duffy, the general editor of the bestselling Atlas of Irish History, has written a text of exceptional clarity. Duffy stresses the enduring themes of his story: the long cultural continuity; the central importance of Ireland's relationships with Britain and mainland Europe; and the intractability of the ethnic and national divisions in modern Ulster. As a specialist in medieval Irish history, he gives the earlier period its due treatment - unlike most such surveys - thus introducing these recurring themes at an early stage.

About the Author

Sean Duffy is Professor of Medieval History at Trinity College Dublin and one of Ireland's foremost medieval historians. His other books include Ireland in the Middle Ages and Brian Boru and The Battle of Clontarf.

Paperback: 256 pages
Publisher: Gill Books; New Ed edition (August 9, 2005)

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland has rarely been out of the news during the past thirty years. Whether as a war-zone in which Catholic nationalists and Protestant Unionists struggled for supremacy, a case study in conflict resolution or an economy that for a time promised to make the Irish among the wealthiest people on the planet, the two Irelands have truly captured the world's imagination. Yet single-volume histories of Ireland are rare. Here, Thomas Bartlett, one of the country’s leading historians, sets out a fascinating new history that ranges from prehistory to the present. Integrating politics, society and culture, he offers an authoritative historical road map that shows exactly how - and why - Ireland, north and south, arrived at where it is today. This is an indispensable guide to both the legacies of the past for Ireland's present and to the problems confronting north and south in the contemporary world.

About the Author

Thomas Bartlett is Professor of Irish History at the School of Divinity, History and Philosophy, University of Aberdeen. His previous publications include The Fall and Rise of the Irish Nation: The Catholic Question, 1690–1830 (1992), A Military History of Ireland (1996, with Keith Jeffery) and Revolutionary Dublin: The Letters of Francis Higgins to Dublin Castle, 1795–1801 (2004).

Paperback: 641 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; Reprint edition (August 15, 2011)

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

This engaging book traces the history, archaeology, and legends of ancient Ireland from 9000 B.C., when nomadic hunter-gatherers appeared in Ireland at the end of the last Ice Age to 1167 A.D., when a Norman invasion brought the country under control of the English crown for the first time. So much of what people today accept as ancient Irish history—Celtic invaders from Europe turning Ireland into a Celtic nation; St. Patrick driving the snakes from Ireland and converting its people to Christianity—is myth and legend with little basis in reality. The truth is more interesting. The Irish, as the authors show, are not even Celtic in an archaeological sense. And there were plenty of bishops in Ireland before a British missionary called Patrick arrived. But In Search of Ancient Ireland is not simply the story of events from long ago. Across Ireland today are festivals, places, and folk customs that provide a tangible link to events thousands of years past. The authors visit and describe many of these places and festivals, talking to a wide variety of historians, scholars, poets, and storytellers in the very settings where history happened. Thus the book is also a journey on the ground to uncover ten thousand years of Irish identity. In Search of Ancient Ireland is the official companion to the three-part PBS documentary series. With 14 black-and-white photos, 6 b&w illustrations, and 1 map.

About the Author

Carmel McCaffrey lectures on Irish history, literature, culture, and language at Johns Hopkins University. A native of Dublin, she founded the literary review Wild About Wilde. She has also written In Search of Ireland's Heroes. She is a Gaelic speaker and frequently travels back to Ireland. She lives in Mt. Airy, Maryland.

Leo Eaton has produced, written, and directed television and film in Europe and the United States for thirty years and has received many of television's major awards. London-born, he lives in New Windsor, Maryland.

Paperback: 304 pages
Publisher: Ivan R. Dee; Reprint edition (June 11, 2003)

The Urantia Book The Urantia Book
The Urantia Book The Urantia Book

Love

Love is truly contagious and eternally creative. (p. 2018) “Devote your life to proving that love is the greatest thing in the world.” (p. 2047) “Love is the ancestor of all spiritual goodness, the essence of the true and the beautiful.” (p. 2047) The Father’s love can become real to mortal man only by passing through that man’s personality as he in turn bestows this love upon his fellows. (p. 1289) The secret of a better civilization is bound up in the Master’s teachings of the brotherhood of man, the good will of love and mutual trust. (p. 2065)

Prayer

Prayer is not a technique of escape from conflict but rather a stimulus to growth in the very face of conflict. (p. 1002) The sincerity of any prayer is the assurance of its being heard. … (p. 1639) God answers man’s prayer by giving him an increased revelation of truth, an enhanced appreciation of beauty, and an augmented concept of goodness. (p. 1002) …Never forget that the sincere prayer of faith is a mighty force for the promotion of personal happiness, individual self-control, social harmony, moral progress, and spiritual attainment. (p. 999)

Suffering

There is a great and glorious purpose in the march of the universes through space. All of your mortal struggling is not in vain. (p. 364) Mortals only learn wisdom by experiencing tribulation. (p. 556)

Angels

The angels of all orders are distinct personalities and are highly individualized. (p. 285) Angels....are fully cognizant of your moral struggles and spiritual difficulties. They love human beings, and only good can result from your efforts to understand and love them. (p. 419)

Our Divine Destiny

If you are a willing learner, if you want to attain spirit levels and reach divine heights, if you sincerely desire to reach the eternal goal, then the divine Spirit will gently and lovingly lead you along the pathway of sonship and spiritual progress. (p. 381) …They who know that God is enthroned in the human heart are destined to become like him—immortal. (p. 1449) God is not only the determiner of destiny; he is man’s eternal destination. (p. 67)

Family

Almost everything of lasting value in civilization has its roots in the family. (p. 765) The family is man’s greatest purely human achievement. ... (p. 939)

Faith

…Faith will expand the mind, ennoble the soul, reinforce the personality, augment the happiness, deepen the spirit perception, and enhance the power to love and be loved. (p. 1766) “Now, mistake not, my Father will ever respond to the faintest flicker of faith.” (p. 1733)

History/Science

The story of man’s ascent from seaweed to the lordship of earthly creation is indeed a romance of biologic struggle and mind survival. (p. 731) 2,500,000,000 years ago… Urantia was a well developed sphere about one tenth its present mass. … (p. 658) 1,000,000,000 years ago is the date of the actual beginning of Urantia [Earth] history. (p. 660) 450,000,000 years ago the transition from vegetable to animal life occurred. (p. 669) From the year A.D. 1934 back to the birth of the first two human beings is just 993,419 years. (p. 707) About five hundred thousand years ago…there were almost one-half billion primitive human beings on earth. … (p. 741) Adam and Eve arrived on Urantia, from the year A.D. 1934, 37,848 years ago. (p. 828)

From the Inside Flap

What’s Inside?

Parts I and II

God, the inhabited universes, life after death, angels and other beings, the war in heaven.

Part III

The history of the world, science and evolution, Adam and Eve, development of civilization, marriage and family, personal spiritual growth.

Part IV

The life and teachings of Jesus including the missing years. AND MUCH MORE…

Excerpts

God, …God is the source and destiny of all that is good and beautiful and true. (p. 1431) If you truly want to find God, that desire is in itself evidence that you have already found him. (p. 1440) When man goes in partnership with God, great things may, and do, happen. (p. 1467)

The Origin of Human Life, The universe is not an accident... (p. 53) The universe of universes is the work of God and the dwelling place of his diverse creatures. (p. 21) The evolutionary planets are the spheres of human origin…Urantia [Earth] is your starting point. … (p. 1225) In God, man lives, moves, and has his being. (p. 22)

The Purpose of Life, There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life. (p. 365) This new gospel of the kingdom… presents a new and exalted goal of destiny, a supreme life purpose. (p. 1778)

Jesus, The religion of Jesus is the most dynamic influence ever to activate the human race. (p. 1091) What an awakening the world would experience if it could only see Jesus as he really lived on earth and know, firsthand, his life-giving teachings! (p. 2083)

Science, Science, guided by wisdom, may become man’s great social liberator. (p. 909) Mortal man is not an evolutionary accident. There is a precise system, a universal law, which determines the unfolding of the planetary life plan on the spheres of space. (p. 560)

Life after Death, God’s love is universal… He is “not willing that any should perish.” (p. 39) Your short sojourn on Urantia [Earth]…is only a single link, the very first in the long chain that is to stretch across universes and through the eternal ages. (p. 435) …Death is only the beginning of an endless career of adventure, an everlasting life of anticipation, an eternal voyage of discovery. (p. 159)

About the Author

The text of The Urantia Book was provided by one or more anonymous contributors working with a small staff which provided editorial and administrative support during the book's creation. The book bears no particular credentials (from a human viewpoint), relying instead on the power and beauty of the writing itself to persuade the reader of its authenticity.

Leather Bound: 2097 pages
Publisher: Urantia Foundation; Box Lea edition (August 25, 2015)

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History (Oxford Quick Reference)

'A companion to be cherished', 'judicious and authoritative', 'informative and entertaining', an 'invaluable work of reference' - these are just some of the phrases used by reviewers to describe the Oxford Companion to Irish History.

The history of Ireland has long been at the epicentre of political and academic debate. Interest in Irish culture, politics, and society, both ancient and modern, never seems to falter, not only in scholarly circles but also among the general public.

With over 1,800 entries, this Companion - now available in the Oxford Paperback Reference series - offers a comprehensive and authoritative guide to all aspects of Ireland's past from earliest times to the present day. There is coverage not only of leading political figures, organizations, and events but also of subjects such as dress, music, sport, and diet. Traditional topics such as the rebellion of 1798 and the Irish Civil War sit alongside entries on newly developing areas such as women's history and popular culture.

In addition to A-Z entries the Companion includes a section of maps showing the shape of modern Ireland, post-reformation ecclesiastical divisions in Ireland, political divisions circa 800, Ireland circa 1350, Ireland in the late 15th century, and the pattern of transport and communications in Ireland. There is also a subject index, which groups headwords into thematic batches to provide an alternative way to access the entries.

The Oxford Companion to Irish History is invaluable to students as a work of general reference and to the general public with an interest in the history and culture of Ireland. It also appeals to academics both for the longer analytical entries and as a source of reference for topics outside their immediate area of expertise.

About the Author

Sean Connolly is Professor of Irish History at the School of History and Anthropology, Queen's University, Belfast. His previous posts have included Archivist at the Public Record Office of Ireland, Lecturer at St Patrick's College, Dublin, and Lecturer and later Reader in History at the University of Ulster. He is the author and editor of a number of titles.

Paperback: 672 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 2nd ed. edition (April 8, 2011)

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Explore a marvelous world of glamoury: the Celtic Otherworld of shadow and Sidhe, a realm where everything that ever was, is, or will be, exists right now. The Celts had a life-affirming, mystical way of viewing and living life, in tune with the forces of Nature and magic. Drawing upon Irish Celtic spiritual tradition, history, literature, and myth, this tried and true guidebook (formerly titled Glamoury,) offers a holistic system that will help you reconnect with this enchanting realm―the Green World of the Celts.

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld presents techniques for becoming attuned to the life forces of the Green World through seasonal rituals, visualizations, and practical magical workings. Learn how to find your way around the Otherworld, and gain an understanding of how each of us constantly shapes and affects the land on which we live. Most importantly, discover how to make contact with inhabitants of the Otherworld in order to deepen your spiritual practice and enrich your everyday life.

About the Author

Steve Blamires was born in Ayr, Scotland, and is one of the foremost Celtic scholars in the world. He is a co-founder of The Company of Avalon, a working magical group offering an in-depth training in the Western Mystery Tradition. He leads spiritual tours to many of the sacred sites of Northern Europe. He has written numerous articles for publications in both the U.K. and U.S. He is the author of the book Celtic Tree Mysteries: Practical Druid Magic & Divination.

Paperback: 352 pages
Publisher: Llewellyn Publications; Illustrated edition (January 8, 2005)

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

First published over forty years ago and now updated to cover the “Celtic Tiger” economic boom of the 2000s and subsequent worldwide recession, this new edition of a perennial bestseller interprets Irish history as a whole. Designed and written to be popular and authoritative, critical and balanced, it has been a core text in both Irish and American universities for decades. It has also proven to be an extremely popular book for casual readers with an interest in history and Irish affairs. Considered the definitive history among the Irish themselves, it is an essential text for anyone interested in the history of Ireland.

About the Author

The late T.W. Moody (1907 - 1984) was, for many years, professor of modern history at Trinity College, Dublin.

F.X. Martin (1923 - 2000) was Emeritus Professor of Medieval History, University College, Dublin.

Dermot Keogh is Emeritus Professor of History and Emeritus Professor of European Integration Studies, University College Cork.

Patrick Kiely is the Online Learning Development and Delivery Coordinator, Teaching & Learning, University College Cork. From 2008 to 2011, he was a Research Fellow in Irish Diplomatic History under the auspices of the Irish National Institute for Historical Research, School of History, UCC.

Paperback: 544 pages
Publisher: Roberts Rinehart; Fifth edition (September 16, 2012)

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