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The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

This attractive one-volume survey tells the story of Ireland from earliest times to the present. The text is complemented by 200 illustrations, including maps, photographs and diagrams. Sean Duffy, the general editor of the bestselling Atlas of Irish History, has written a text of exceptional clarity. Duffy stresses the enduring themes of his story: the long cultural continuity; the central importance of Ireland's relationships with Britain and mainland Europe; and the intractability of the ethnic and national divisions in modern Ulster. As a specialist in medieval Irish history, he gives the earlier period its due treatment - unlike most such surveys - thus introducing these recurring themes at an early stage.

About the Author

Sean Duffy is Professor of Medieval History at Trinity College Dublin and one of Ireland's foremost medieval historians. His other books include Ireland in the Middle Ages and Brian Boru and The Battle of Clontarf.

Paperback: 256 pages
Publisher: Gill Books; New Ed edition (August 9, 2005)

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland has rarely been out of the news during the past thirty years. Whether as a war-zone in which Catholic nationalists and Protestant Unionists struggled for supremacy, a case study in conflict resolution or an economy that for a time promised to make the Irish among the wealthiest people on the planet, the two Irelands have truly captured the world's imagination. Yet single-volume histories of Ireland are rare. Here, Thomas Bartlett, one of the country’s leading historians, sets out a fascinating new history that ranges from prehistory to the present. Integrating politics, society and culture, he offers an authoritative historical road map that shows exactly how - and why - Ireland, north and south, arrived at where it is today. This is an indispensable guide to both the legacies of the past for Ireland's present and to the problems confronting north and south in the contemporary world.

About the Author

Thomas Bartlett is Professor of Irish History at the School of Divinity, History and Philosophy, University of Aberdeen. His previous publications include The Fall and Rise of the Irish Nation: The Catholic Question, 1690–1830 (1992), A Military History of Ireland (1996, with Keith Jeffery) and Revolutionary Dublin: The Letters of Francis Higgins to Dublin Castle, 1795–1801 (2004).

Paperback: 641 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; Reprint edition (August 15, 2011)

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

This engaging book traces the history, archaeology, and legends of ancient Ireland from 9000 B.C., when nomadic hunter-gatherers appeared in Ireland at the end of the last Ice Age to 1167 A.D., when a Norman invasion brought the country under control of the English crown for the first time. So much of what people today accept as ancient Irish history—Celtic invaders from Europe turning Ireland into a Celtic nation; St. Patrick driving the snakes from Ireland and converting its people to Christianity—is myth and legend with little basis in reality. The truth is more interesting. The Irish, as the authors show, are not even Celtic in an archaeological sense. And there were plenty of bishops in Ireland before a British missionary called Patrick arrived. But In Search of Ancient Ireland is not simply the story of events from long ago. Across Ireland today are festivals, places, and folk customs that provide a tangible link to events thousands of years past. The authors visit and describe many of these places and festivals, talking to a wide variety of historians, scholars, poets, and storytellers in the very settings where history happened. Thus the book is also a journey on the ground to uncover ten thousand years of Irish identity. In Search of Ancient Ireland is the official companion to the three-part PBS documentary series. With 14 black-and-white photos, 6 b&w illustrations, and 1 map.

About the Author

Carmel McCaffrey lectures on Irish history, literature, culture, and language at Johns Hopkins University. A native of Dublin, she founded the literary review Wild About Wilde. She has also written In Search of Ireland's Heroes. She is a Gaelic speaker and frequently travels back to Ireland. She lives in Mt. Airy, Maryland.

Leo Eaton has produced, written, and directed television and film in Europe and the United States for thirty years and has received many of television's major awards. London-born, he lives in New Windsor, Maryland.

Paperback: 304 pages
Publisher: Ivan R. Dee; Reprint edition (June 11, 2003)

The Urantia Book The Urantia Book
The Urantia Book The Urantia Book

Love

Love is truly contagious and eternally creative. (p. 2018) “Devote your life to proving that love is the greatest thing in the world.” (p. 2047) “Love is the ancestor of all spiritual goodness, the essence of the true and the beautiful.” (p. 2047) The Father’s love can become real to mortal man only by passing through that man’s personality as he in turn bestows this love upon his fellows. (p. 1289) The secret of a better civilization is bound up in the Master’s teachings of the brotherhood of man, the good will of love and mutual trust. (p. 2065)

Prayer

Prayer is not a technique of escape from conflict but rather a stimulus to growth in the very face of conflict. (p. 1002) The sincerity of any prayer is the assurance of its being heard. … (p. 1639) God answers man’s prayer by giving him an increased revelation of truth, an enhanced appreciation of beauty, and an augmented concept of goodness. (p. 1002) …Never forget that the sincere prayer of faith is a mighty force for the promotion of personal happiness, individual self-control, social harmony, moral progress, and spiritual attainment. (p. 999)

Suffering

There is a great and glorious purpose in the march of the universes through space. All of your mortal struggling is not in vain. (p. 364) Mortals only learn wisdom by experiencing tribulation. (p. 556)

Angels

The angels of all orders are distinct personalities and are highly individualized. (p. 285) Angels....are fully cognizant of your moral struggles and spiritual difficulties. They love human beings, and only good can result from your efforts to understand and love them. (p. 419)

Our Divine Destiny

If you are a willing learner, if you want to attain spirit levels and reach divine heights, if you sincerely desire to reach the eternal goal, then the divine Spirit will gently and lovingly lead you along the pathway of sonship and spiritual progress. (p. 381) …They who know that God is enthroned in the human heart are destined to become like him—immortal. (p. 1449) God is not only the determiner of destiny; he is man’s eternal destination. (p. 67)

Family

Almost everything of lasting value in civilization has its roots in the family. (p. 765) The family is man’s greatest purely human achievement. ... (p. 939)

Faith

…Faith will expand the mind, ennoble the soul, reinforce the personality, augment the happiness, deepen the spirit perception, and enhance the power to love and be loved. (p. 1766) “Now, mistake not, my Father will ever respond to the faintest flicker of faith.” (p. 1733)

History/Science

The story of man’s ascent from seaweed to the lordship of earthly creation is indeed a romance of biologic struggle and mind survival. (p. 731) 2,500,000,000 years ago… Urantia was a well developed sphere about one tenth its present mass. … (p. 658) 1,000,000,000 years ago is the date of the actual beginning of Urantia [Earth] history. (p. 660) 450,000,000 years ago the transition from vegetable to animal life occurred. (p. 669) From the year A.D. 1934 back to the birth of the first two human beings is just 993,419 years. (p. 707) About five hundred thousand years ago…there were almost one-half billion primitive human beings on earth. … (p. 741) Adam and Eve arrived on Urantia, from the year A.D. 1934, 37,848 years ago. (p. 828)

From the Inside Flap

What’s Inside?

Parts I and II

God, the inhabited universes, life after death, angels and other beings, the war in heaven.

Part III

The history of the world, science and evolution, Adam and Eve, development of civilization, marriage and family, personal spiritual growth.

Part IV

The life and teachings of Jesus including the missing years. AND MUCH MORE…

Excerpts

God, …God is the source and destiny of all that is good and beautiful and true. (p. 1431) If you truly want to find God, that desire is in itself evidence that you have already found him. (p. 1440) When man goes in partnership with God, great things may, and do, happen. (p. 1467)

The Origin of Human Life, The universe is not an accident... (p. 53) The universe of universes is the work of God and the dwelling place of his diverse creatures. (p. 21) The evolutionary planets are the spheres of human origin…Urantia [Earth] is your starting point. … (p. 1225) In God, man lives, moves, and has his being. (p. 22)

The Purpose of Life, There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life. (p. 365) This new gospel of the kingdom… presents a new and exalted goal of destiny, a supreme life purpose. (p. 1778)

Jesus, The religion of Jesus is the most dynamic influence ever to activate the human race. (p. 1091) What an awakening the world would experience if it could only see Jesus as he really lived on earth and know, firsthand, his life-giving teachings! (p. 2083)

Science, Science, guided by wisdom, may become man’s great social liberator. (p. 909) Mortal man is not an evolutionary accident. There is a precise system, a universal law, which determines the unfolding of the planetary life plan on the spheres of space. (p. 560)

Life after Death, God’s love is universal… He is “not willing that any should perish.” (p. 39) Your short sojourn on Urantia [Earth]…is only a single link, the very first in the long chain that is to stretch across universes and through the eternal ages. (p. 435) …Death is only the beginning of an endless career of adventure, an everlasting life of anticipation, an eternal voyage of discovery. (p. 159)

About the Author

The text of The Urantia Book was provided by one or more anonymous contributors working with a small staff which provided editorial and administrative support during the book's creation. The book bears no particular credentials (from a human viewpoint), relying instead on the power and beauty of the writing itself to persuade the reader of its authenticity.

Leather Bound: 2097 pages
Publisher: Urantia Foundation; Box Lea edition (August 25, 2015)

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History (Oxford Quick Reference)

'A companion to be cherished', 'judicious and authoritative', 'informative and entertaining', an 'invaluable work of reference' - these are just some of the phrases used by reviewers to describe the Oxford Companion to Irish History.

The history of Ireland has long been at the epicentre of political and academic debate. Interest in Irish culture, politics, and society, both ancient and modern, never seems to falter, not only in scholarly circles but also among the general public.

With over 1,800 entries, this Companion - now available in the Oxford Paperback Reference series - offers a comprehensive and authoritative guide to all aspects of Ireland's past from earliest times to the present day. There is coverage not only of leading political figures, organizations, and events but also of subjects such as dress, music, sport, and diet. Traditional topics such as the rebellion of 1798 and the Irish Civil War sit alongside entries on newly developing areas such as women's history and popular culture.

In addition to A-Z entries the Companion includes a section of maps showing the shape of modern Ireland, post-reformation ecclesiastical divisions in Ireland, political divisions circa 800, Ireland circa 1350, Ireland in the late 15th century, and the pattern of transport and communications in Ireland. There is also a subject index, which groups headwords into thematic batches to provide an alternative way to access the entries.

The Oxford Companion to Irish History is invaluable to students as a work of general reference and to the general public with an interest in the history and culture of Ireland. It also appeals to academics both for the longer analytical entries and as a source of reference for topics outside their immediate area of expertise.

About the Author

Sean Connolly is Professor of Irish History at the School of History and Anthropology, Queen's University, Belfast. His previous posts have included Archivist at the Public Record Office of Ireland, Lecturer at St Patrick's College, Dublin, and Lecturer and later Reader in History at the University of Ulster. He is the author and editor of a number of titles.

Paperback: 672 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 2nd ed. edition (April 8, 2011)

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Explore a marvelous world of glamoury: the Celtic Otherworld of shadow and Sidhe, a realm where everything that ever was, is, or will be, exists right now. The Celts had a life-affirming, mystical way of viewing and living life, in tune with the forces of Nature and magic. Drawing upon Irish Celtic spiritual tradition, history, literature, and myth, this tried and true guidebook (formerly titled Glamoury,) offers a holistic system that will help you reconnect with this enchanting realm―the Green World of the Celts.

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld presents techniques for becoming attuned to the life forces of the Green World through seasonal rituals, visualizations, and practical magical workings. Learn how to find your way around the Otherworld, and gain an understanding of how each of us constantly shapes and affects the land on which we live. Most importantly, discover how to make contact with inhabitants of the Otherworld in order to deepen your spiritual practice and enrich your everyday life.

About the Author

Steve Blamires was born in Ayr, Scotland, and is one of the foremost Celtic scholars in the world. He is a co-founder of The Company of Avalon, a working magical group offering an in-depth training in the Western Mystery Tradition. He leads spiritual tours to many of the sacred sites of Northern Europe. He has written numerous articles for publications in both the U.K. and U.S. He is the author of the book Celtic Tree Mysteries: Practical Druid Magic & Divination.

Paperback: 352 pages
Publisher: Llewellyn Publications; Illustrated edition (January 8, 2005)

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

First published over forty years ago and now updated to cover the “Celtic Tiger” economic boom of the 2000s and subsequent worldwide recession, this new edition of a perennial bestseller interprets Irish history as a whole. Designed and written to be popular and authoritative, critical and balanced, it has been a core text in both Irish and American universities for decades. It has also proven to be an extremely popular book for casual readers with an interest in history and Irish affairs. Considered the definitive history among the Irish themselves, it is an essential text for anyone interested in the history of Ireland.

About the Author

The late T.W. Moody (1907 - 1984) was, for many years, professor of modern history at Trinity College, Dublin.

F.X. Martin (1923 - 2000) was Emeritus Professor of Medieval History, University College, Dublin.

Dermot Keogh is Emeritus Professor of History and Emeritus Professor of European Integration Studies, University College Cork.

Patrick Kiely is the Online Learning Development and Delivery Coordinator, Teaching & Learning, University College Cork. From 2008 to 2011, he was a Research Fellow in Irish Diplomatic History under the auspices of the Irish National Institute for Historical Research, School of History, UCC.

Paperback: 544 pages
Publisher: Roberts Rinehart; Fifth edition (September 16, 2012)

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The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One

The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One The Irish Origins of Civilization, Volume One: The Servants of Truth: Druidic Traditions & Influence Explored

The follow up to the acclaimed book Atlantis, Alien Visitation, and Genetic Manipulation, Michael Tsarion’s The Irish Origins of Civilization concentrates on the fate of the world after the fall of Atlantis and birth of evil.

In the tradition of Zecharia Sitchin and Immanuel Velikovsky, Michael’s investigations reveal the reason for the eradication of the Druids and highlight for the first time the terrible campaign of genocide against the ancient Irish elders whose knowledge once enriched world culture. Michael exposes the true origins of the world’s premier secret societies and reveals the remarkable mysteries they have been sworn to guard by sword and deception. He shows that the elements of civilization - megalithic construction, writing, music, astronomy, astrology, medicine, farming, navigation, and most importantly the principles of religion, originated in Britain, Ireland and Scandinavia.

Every European needs to read this book to find out how the history of "Anglo-Saxon" man has been misrepresented and perverted. Michael explains the true meaning of the word Aryan and shows that it was the original name of Ireland. He explains the reason why so many tribes speak of the coming of the fair gods, the men of wisdom. He explains the connections between the Irish Druids and Egyptian Amenists and the ruin Akhenaton's Luciferian cult brought to Egypt and the world. As Michael wrote...

"What does it mean to live in the age of revealing? It means the light that royals and secret societies claim to adore is finally being shone brightly upon their own orders and ideologies. It means the Sun of Truth has finally risen to expose their once hidden machinery of tyranny and control…

…The auction of a whole civilization - the finest known - and the extermination of the Druids are two of many subjects brought to the limelight in these volumes. It is for this reason this author first chose - in Atlantis, Alien Visitation and Genetic Manipulation - to deal with Atlantis and Lemuria, since it was from there the story of the ancestors of Gaels and Celts begins. If we are to seek out the origins of Arthurian legends and Welsh, Irish and Scottish myths, it is to lost Atlantis and Lemuria we are to look. And if we are to seek reasons why the true story of these places and peoples has not been revealed, we begin with the powers that dominate and rule mankind from behind the obvious thrones of religion and politics. These ruthless agencies have their origins in the ancient past, and are biological or ideological descendants of the sorcerers of Atlantis…

…For those hot on the trail of the world’s premier secret societies, this book will be an invaluable source of revelation. It alone reveals the intelligence behind Royalty, Masonry and Judeo-Christianity.”

Paperback: 531 pages
Publisher: Unslaved Media (February 27, 2012)

The Secret Founding of America


Appendix XVI to Volume II

of

The Irish Origins of Civilization


by

Michael Tsarion




The Irish Origins of Civilization
The Irish Origins of Civilization

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Irish Origins Appendices

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From
The Secret Founding of America
by Nicholas Hagger


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...a constitution of government once changed from Freedom, can never be restored. Liberty, once lost, is lost forever - President John Adams

The Secret Founding of America, by eminent historian Nicholas Hagger, was published in 2007. It is one of the first and best mainstream books dealing with the roles, in the founding of America, of the Templars, Freemasons and Illuminati.

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Hagger has written over twenty books on history, literature and philosophy, and has written for the Times of London.

The hardback edition of the Secret Founding, aims at a mainstream audience, and is well worth reading. The publishers saw to it that the book was released in time for the 400th anniversary of the Jamestown Landings.

In his previous book The Syndicate (2004), Hagger honorably cites researchers such as G. Edward Griffin.

Among other controversial authors mentioned by Hagger, in his sources section, are Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln (Holy Blood, Holy Grail), Nesta Webster (Secret Societies and Subversive Movements), Lady Queensborough (Occult Theocracy), Carroll Quigley (Tragedy and Hope), Stephen Knight (The Brotherhood), and Ralph Epperson (The Unseen Hand).

I believe that this type of book, which delves into secret societies, and which is written by an academic, is among the first of many to come. So-called "conspiratorial" subjects are becoming popular and more and more people are asking vexatious and penetrating questions about occulted history. Humanity's skepticism is increasing and people are clearly not as content as they once were to just continue believing what they have been told about history from conventional sources.

This turning of the tide has not gone unnoticed by the powers that be. In the past the establishment moved to silence authors and suppress literature that exposed the dirty big secrets of religion and politics. To a certain extent such suppression still goes on. However, the establishment has begun to use another tactic. It has begun, ever so gradually, to co-opt overtly controversial subject matter. The new tactic has been adopted because the power-brokers have finally realized that they cannot wholly suppress truth.

Lately, they appear to have decided to present controversial information in a sanitized form by way of writers under their control and from inside institutions of their making. The work of these authors poses no major threat whatsoever. Their sanitized ideas concerning the evils of the status quo can safely be presented to the masses. This strategy is effective. It ensures that real teachers remain suppressed or in the background. It is their hard-earned information that is craftily taken and artfully packaged and presented before the world by disingenuous publishers and media networks.

I recommend Nicholas Hagger's excellent books The Secret Founding of America, The Secret History of the West, and The Syndicate. I support and reference any book, movie or documentary that succeeds in exposing the truth about the world's insidious religious, political and financial institutions, as well as the camera-shy cabals working behind the scenes of world affairs.

Hagger expresses in a clear and concise manner how Freemasonry and Templarism insinuated itself into American political and social life. His book contains information that reinforces my long held belief concerning the complicity of Benjamin Franklin. Hagger shows that this "Father" of America was an Illuminati stooge. And for that revelation alone I am thankful that this book is in circulation. I suggest that it is read alongside Treason in America, by Anton Chaitkin and To the Victors Go the Myths and Monuments, by Arthur Thompson.

Below is a selection of excerpts from this immensely important work:

Overall Picture

In 1760 the map of North America showed a wide chunk of British control along the east coast from Maine to coastal Georgia, extending 100–200 miles inland, then native-American control of a buffer zone which separated the British from the French interior. In the south, Florida was Spanish

The population of the North American colonies had risen from 4,646 in 1630 to 1.6 million in 1760.

Portuguese Pioneers

The fifteenth century saw European mariners exploring the globe. The Portuguese were first, voyaging to Porto Santo off West Africa in 1418. In the course of the century they sailed as far as the southern tip of Africa and set up trading stations at Arguin, Sierra Leone and El Mina. In 1497 Vasco da Gama sailed round the Cape of Good Hope and up Africa's east coast, making possible Portuguese trade with India.

Portugal was then the westernmost country in the known world and there was great interest in what lay farther to the west.

Christopher Columbus, a sailor from Genoa who had married a Portuguese woman and settled on Porto Santo in the Madeira islands, read d'Ailly in Lisbon in 1483. He also read the works of Marco Polo, who had left for the East in 1271 and returned from China in 1292. He became convinced that the Earth was round, as (he believed) had been asserted in the prophecies of Isaiah 11.10–12, and the apocryphal Second Book of Esdras 3.17–19.

After an audience with Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain in 1486, Columbus tried to reach India from the west. Having sailed for 33 days, he landed on the island of Guanahami near the Strait of Florida in October 1492.

Whatever the truth of Columbus's voyage, it opened the way for more voyages to the New World.

Spain on the Scene

..the Spanish Catholics can claim to be the first planters in America, 42 years before before the 1607 Jamestown settlement.

Spanish Catholics preceded the Jamestown settlement and can claim to be the very first planters of America. One strategic reason for the founding of the Virginia settlement was to counter Spanish and French moves into the Americas.

Juan Ponce de León was with Columbus during the visit to Florida in 1493, which, at the request of Ferdinand and Isabella, emphasized the Christianization of the Indies.

Ponce de León stepped ashore at what is now St Augustine, which he named La Florida because of the luxuriant foliage of the place...In 1521 he returned with 200 men to find out whether Florida was an island, to establish a colony and to find the Fountain of Youth. Instead he found death – native Americans opposed his landing and drove him off, and in the course of the battle he was wounded by a native-American arrow and many of his men were killed. He returned to Cuba to die of his wound in 1522.

The next significant landing on Florida was in 1528, by Pánfilo de Narváez, a one-eyed veteran who had served in Cuba and Mexico.

Florida was first visited by Spain during Columbus' second voyage in 1493...Spain was now in competition for America: John Cabot had claimed North America for England in 1497 and 1498, and Amerigo Vespucci had discovered South America and claimed it for Spain in 1499.

St. Augustine was the northernmost outpost of the Spanish colonial empire for 256 years, between 1763 and 1783, when it belonged to England. The Floridans became Spanish once more from 1783 until 1823, when Florida became American under Andrew Jackson. So the Spanish Catholics can claim to be the first planters in America 42 years before the 1607 Jamestown settlement.

Of the European settlers, we have said that the Spanish can claim to be first. However the Catholic legacy in America was cancelled out by the Church of England and Puritan settlements further north. Indeed, it can be said that the English defeated the French and the Spanish in their struggle for the New World.

The Virginia Company

James I declared in the incorporation of the Virginia Company in November 1606 that it would bring glory in propagating "Christian religion to such people, as yet live in darkness and miserable ignorance of true knowledge and worship of God." He directed that the Virginia Company's President and Council should ensure that the "true Word and Service of God...be preached, planted and used according to the rites and doctrines of the Church of England."

In 1606 the Virginia Company of Plymouth had received a charter from James I for colonizing the northern coast of Virginia from 38 degrees to 45 degrees latitude north, farther north than the Virginia Company of London's territory. At the end of May it sent two ships to New England - the "Gift of God" under Captain George Popham and the "Mary and John" under Captain Raleigh Gilbert.

The company's work was carried out at high cost with little return - no gold was found - during the years before tobacco plantations and the slave trade began. In fact, this work might have been a causative factor in setting a trend of slave-owning in the American South. The company set the pattern of Southern landowning, slavery and exploiting native Americans.

By the end of the 1620s, when the population of Virginia was 2,500, most of the settlers' energy was going into the export of tobacco. Tobacco planters imported slaves from Africa, who were under the direct control of their masters. The Elizabethan landed values introduced by the 1607 planters had a new form, as feudal serfs called slaves were now tied to the land. By the 1660s the number of slaves began to rise and by 1670 the population of Virginia had climbed to 35,309. A 'slave-holders' Christianity grew up, and a 'slave-holding' religion that had nothing to do with the Christianity of Christ.

Robert Cecil

...in mid-December 1606, the First Virginia Company, which was dominated by Robert Cecil, the principal patron of the London Virginia Company and prime mover of the establishment of the Virginia Company, whose pro-God man, Christopher Newport, was to be admiral.

  • Note: The Cecil family established the first intelligence network in the world, which became MI6. The Guinness family is a branch of the Cecil dynasty, purveyors of alcohol - Mtsar

Freemasonry in Early America

Because the English saw off the French and the Spanish, the Catholic legacy influenced the Founding Fathers less than a secret society that gathered influence among the Protestants: Freemasonry.

Despite the efforts of Catholics, Anglicans and Puritans, the founding of America owes more to this fourth group: the Freemasons in the Anglican-Puritan north.

...while religion was behind the first plantings, circumstantial evidence indicates that Freemasonry was also present and that a secret Deistic Freemasonry, subscribing to a non-Christian concept of God and hiding behind a religious facade, inspired the constitutional arrangements that prepared the way for today's superpower. Indeed, the first United States was a Masonic State.

From the very early planting days Freemasonry, spreading throughout the New World like a rampant strain of a new virus, presented itself as a method by which union could be achieved...Its network of secret societies afforded hierarchies in which all could rise, find a place, participate in rituals that drew on the earlier cultures, meet influential Masons socially and express ideas behind closed doors, a useful context of confidentiality in which all who questioned British colonial rule could operate without fear of being betrayed to the colonial authorities. Freemasonry came to have an enormous hold over early America.

We shall see that today Freemasonry has an agenda for a new world order, a federal-continental United States of the World in which nation-states are subsumed as states within regional blocs.

English Freemasonry became formalized in America in the 1720s, the first decade in which there are reports of American-based lodges. Before that, John Skene, a Mason of an Aberdeen lodge in 1670 (i.e. a Scottish, not an English, lodge), emigrated to New Jersey in 1682 and became deputy Governor. And Jonathon Belcher, an American-based settler, became a Freemason during a visit to England in 1704. In 1719 a ship called the Freemason did American coastal trade.

Francis Bacon

It has been claimed that Freemasonry is very ancient and goes back variously to the fifteenth-century BC Egypt of Tuthmose III, to the tenth-century BC Israel of the wise ruler Solomon and, more recently, to the medieval stonemasons and cathedral builders in York in 926 and Cologne in the twelfth century. Be that as it may, it is often held that English Freemasonry was founded by Francis Bacon who, in 1579, when he was 18, saw the need for studies to be secret among 'sworn brothers-in-arms.'

...it is likely that, at an impressionable age, Bacon was put in touch with a group whose symbolism was reflected in early English Freemasonry in 1579. This may have been a Pyrenean group of Cathar exiles who had fled from Montségur, southwest France, when the Cathars had been suppressed in 1244, or, more probably, a group of refugee Templars who had fled France in 1312 and had reacted to the burning of their leader Jacques de Molay in 1314 by forming a secret society across the border.

...it is possible that Bacon was in touch with secret Jewish knowledge on the borders of Spain and France while still in his teens.

Anthony Bacon

It is hard to believe that the 18-year-old Bacon just made Freemasonry up without being influenced by any preceding model. Manly Palmer Hall claims that he was initiated into a secret society in Navarre in France. His brother Anthony ran an intelligence service for the Earl of Essex there and was friendly with...the Protestant King of Navarre, the future Henry IV, King of France. Bacon lived in Paris with Sir Amias Paulet, the English ambassador to France, and acquired a knowledge of the French court.

Bacon, Dee and America

...he (Bacon) is listed in the 1609 charter as a shareholder of the Virginia Company of London and one of the 52 members of the Virginia Council (board of directors). As Solicitor-General, he also prepared the Virginia Company's charters of 1609 and 1612 for the king's signature, along with Sir Henry Hobart.

...Bacon threw his group's weight behind the English plans to colonize America. He looked back to John Dee, the Renaissance mage who had encourages voyage to America in the belief that a Utopian commonwealth could be established in the New World.

John Dee, the alchemist who is thought to have inspired Prospero in Shakespeare's Tempest, focused on the north-west. He laid the foundations for British imperialism by claiming that conquests by King Arthur had given Elizabeth I title to foreign lands such as Greenland, Iceland, Friesland, the northern islands towards Russia and the North Pole. He claimed that the New World was appointed by Providence for the British to influence and rule.

  • Note: For more on Bacon's occult interests and influence, see Secret in the Bible, by Tony Bushby.

Bacon's "New Atlantis"

"New Atlantis" was about Utopia in the New World. It concealed the Secret Doctrine to create a New World and democracy within its Utopianism, and was a Masonic blueprint for America...Bacon suggests that England could become an Israelite England...Rosicrucian Freemasonry may have established itself in America in 1635 when missing works by Bacon were reputedly taken to Jamestown. These may have included the sequel to "New Atlantis" Bacon is thought to have written. This is believed to have included a timetable for fulfilling the Masonic plan for America.

Secret Templar Presence

It is possible that a Freemasonic faction may have been working within the Anglican ambience – James I had brought Templarism from Scotland to London in 1603 – and that clashes between Anglican and Masonic factions may go some way to explain the confusion. Without such a scenario it is hard to make sense of the many tiny confused events that comprised the settling of Virginia.

It has also been claimed that America was discovered in 1396, further back than the Chinese voyage or the voyages of the early fifteenth century. In that year Henry St Clair, Earl of Orkney and Lord of Roslin (now Rosslyn) and an early Templar – the St Clairs, it is claimed, were descended from the high priests of the Temple of Jerusalem – placed his fleet under the command of two sons of the Zeno family of Venice. Henry had met Carlo Zeno in 1364 and allegedly sailed with the Zenos to America, where they explored the north-east coast of what became Canada and interacted with the Mi'kmaq people. It is claimed that evidence for the voyage can be found in stone carvings on both sides of the Atlantic and in a strong oral tradition. The voyage was essentially Templar and it is possible that Templarism took root in North America in the lands St Clair is alleged to have settled...indicating a possibility that Templarism reached North America through the St Clairs of Rosslyn over 200 years before before the Jamestown voyage.

Going further back, there have been claims that Phoenicians, Romans, Ghanaians, Welsh (Madoc), Irish (Brendan), Vikings, Templar fleets (sailing from Brest), fishermen from Portugal and France, men of Bristol and English pirates (culminating in Hawkins and Drake) all traveled to America across the high seas, questioning the tradition that it was discovered by Columbus.

Templar Freemasonry turned the philosophical idea of Freemasonry into a means of securing political power. Its goals were political rather than occult and philosophical (as was Baconian Rosicrucianism). It sought – and still does – to transform the world into a world government, a 'universal democracy', eventually a universal republic – a New Atlantis.

It should be thought of as a kind of secret intelligence service with a large network rather than a system of closed lodges where strange rituals take place.

Templarism shaped the America into which the Founding Fathers were born every bit as much as English Rosicrucian Freemasonry. All the Founding Fathers and American revolutionaries belonged to Templar lodges.

From the time Franklin joined the Templars in the 1770s, Templar Freemasonry controlled American politics.

Of the 56 who signed the Declaration of Independence, Independence, nine according to some, 53 according to others, were Freemasons. The first President, George Washington, had been initiated as a Rosicrucian Mason in the lodge at Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1752 and become a Templar Mason by 1768.

Puritanism and Rosicrucianism

At the Masonic Congress of 1663 it was decided that the Rosicrucians' beliefs should be incorporated into English Freemasonry.

Rosicrucian Freemasonry may have established itself in America in 1635 when missing works by Bacon were reputedly taken to Jamestown. These may have included the sequel to New Atlantis Bacon is thought to have written. This is believed to have included a timetable for fulfilling the Masonic plan for America.

...so close were Puritanism and Rosicrucianism in essence that it can be said that the Puritan philosophy was actually Rosicrucian. So it could be that some of the post-Mayflower Puritans Puritans who joined the Plymouth settlement as reinforcements brought Rosicrucianism with them and over a period of time it passed into Freemasonic lodges.

Puritanism, especially Dutch Puritanism, was strongly linked to Rosicrucianism. For example, John Wilkins, Frederick V's chaplain, was closely linked to Rosicrucianism in the Palatinate and tutored Frederick and Elizabeth's son when he was sent to England. Wilkins co-founded the Royal Society when the Invisible College met in his rooms at Wadham College, Oxford, from 1648 to 1659, and he had a deep connection with Puritanism. Samuel Hartlib...was the link between Andreae and Oliver Cromwell, and was the central figure of an invisible reforming group to England...Cromwell himself frequented a Rosicrucian Masonic Lodge called (bizarrely) Crown. He could only have gained admission if he was a Rosicrucian Freemason.

In 1733 Rosicrucian Freemasonry formally entered America when St John's Lodge was established in Boston. It became the Masonic capital of Britain's American colonies. By 1737 there were lodges in Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania and South Carolina,24 all committed to implementing the plan for a Utopian New Atlantis. We can now begin to see how Rosicrucian Freemasonry affected the founding of America through the Founding Fathers of the eighteenth century.

In February 1731 Franklin became a Rosicrucian Mason25 and in 1734 Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania. He worked for Freemasonry's one-world agenda.

  • Note: See my articles on the ancient dynasty which has worked through the centuries to Socialize the world.

Thomas Jefferson, the writer of the Declaration of Independence, was also a Rosicrucian, and a Rosicrucian code was discovered among his papers.

The federalism that finally united the 13 colonies into states was identical to the federalism of the Grand Lodge system of Masonic government which had been created in Anderson's Constitution of 1723, when the first Grand Lodge appeared in America.

Freemasonry was therefore behind the independence movement and devised a concept of independence and the structure that would follow independence.

Benjamin Franklin and the New World Order

...Rosicrucian Freemasonry affected the founding of America through the Founding Fathers of the eighteenth century. Benjamin Franklin, a Boston boy who moved to Philadelphia, was set up in business by the Royal Governor of what was now a Crown colony, Sir William Keith, in 1724...In February 1731 Franklin became a Rosicrucian Mason and in 1734 Provincial Grand Master of Pennsylvania. He worked for Freemasonry's one-world agenda.

In 1753 Franklin had become Deputy Postmaster General for the colonies, which meant he had access to all letters and communications and was in effect a spymaster. In 1756 he was admitted to the Rosicrucian Royal Society for discovering that lightning was electricity. In 1757 he went to London to represent Pennsylvania in a dispute...and he spent until 1762 in England and France. He was initiated as a Rosicrucian in London during his stay there. He was again in England from 1764 to 1775 and discovered Baconian English Freemasonry's Secret Doctrine to create a New World or 'philosophical Atlantis' in America, the Masonic blueprint that Bacon had concealed in his "New Atlantis."

Franklin and the Great Seal of the United States

Franklin convinced Jefferson and Adams that they should use a Masonic seal that had come into his possession - which is now the Great Seal of the United States. Freemasonry was therefore behind the independence movement and devised a concept of independence and the structure that would follow independence.

The Illuminati

In December 1781 an understanding was reached between the Grand Orient Freemasons and the Illuminati and a combined order was adopted. The Illuminati, now hidden within the Grand Orient, moved to Frankfurt and spread throughout Germany and Austria.

The Grand Orient Templars absorbed Weishaupt's degrees and the Illuminati's activities continued within the Grand Orient and Scottish Rite Templar lodges.

  • Note: The Templars were formed in the twelfth century by the superior Order of Sion, that continued to exist through the centuries. One had to pass through the Templar degrees to become an initiate of Sion. The Illuminati was also a recruitment society with a Deist philosophy that ran contrary to Christian doctrine. After the Illuminati was suppressed, it merged with Grand Orient Masonry and has been under cover since the eighteenth century. The Scottish Rite, Grand Orient and Strict Observance systems of masonry, imports from Scotland, was dedicated to the world supremacy of the Stuart dynasty, and all Templar organizations were dedicated to the rule of the Merovingian nobility of France, Scotland and Holland. The Illuminati's libertine communistic disposition attracted many intellectuals and nobles throughout Europe. There have been several major and minor internal rivalries between leaders of the various top secret societies, leading to events which changed the course of European and American history. One mustremove the covers of Catholicism and Protestantism in order to ascertain what is really the case with societies of this kind. (Here for more...)

...the Illuminati's attitudes were taken back to America by the two ambassadors to France in the 1780s, Franklin (in 1785) and Jefferson (in 1789), hence the gift (in 1885–6) of the Statue of Liberty to the American people from the people of France to symbolize the revolutionary links between America and France.

By 1785 there were 15 Illuminati lodges in the 13 colonies. The Columbian Lodge of the Order of the Illuminati was established in New York City and its members included Clinton Roosevelt, an ancestor of Franklin D. Roosevelt. A lodge in Virginia was identified with Thomas Jefferson.

The Illuminati were now entrenched in America, and the men most responsible for bringing them there were Franklin, Jefferson and John Adams.

  • Note: Eventually, after falling out with Jefferson, Adams (father of John Quincy Adams) repudiated masonry. (Here for more...)

Three letters by Adams on this matter are in the Wittenburg Square Library in Philadelphia.

  • Note: Remember, however, that there is no such as the Illuminati, even though the second and sixth US Presidents and their colleagues (all secret society insiders), openly declared the opposite. John Adams himself (the second President of the US) was a bone fide Illuminati member. So powerful were the Illuminati in America that they were able to incorporate their personal symbolism onto the one-dollar bill. The prevalence of the number 13 on the bill (appearing cryptically and openly about seventeen times), recalls Friday 13, the day in 1314 when Templar Grand Master Jacques de Molay was executed. (Here for more...)

...we have seen that Illuminatist Freemasonry, a more malign and Satanistic influence deliberately hidden within the Grand Orient by Weishaupt, came to America with the Great Seal.

Weishaupt's programme of world government has guided the world-government thinking of what I call the Syndicate, a network of powerful billionaire families that work in the USA and Europe for the end of all nation-states, and also the Grand-Orient thinking that brought about the creation of the Soviet Union as a stepping-stone to the creation of a world government.

...the American Templar and Illuminatist strains of Freemasonry lead towards world government, one in a more benign way than the other.

Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence was read from the balcony of the Council Chamber of the State House to citizens of Philadelphia assembled in the square below on 8 July 1776 and the Liberty Bell was rung...The Declaration was signed a month later by 56 signatories.

On 2 July, two days before publishing the Declaration, Congress voted for independence. War with the British government was now inevitable.

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Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine (1737-1809), the American patriot and revolutionary, was the first to demand complete independence from Britain. Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, James Wilson and Alexander Hamilton, were reluctant and still wished to preserve British control. In fact, had Britain not acted so belligerently, it is highly unlikely that America would ever have moved toward a complete sociopolitical break with Britain. Even after the War of Independence, many Americans remained loyal to Britain and did not support American causes. Some of these traitors belonged to eminent families who long plotted to subvert the independence of the colonies.

Virtually all - 31 out of 33 - of the military generals under Washington were Freemasons, including Richard Montgomery, David Wooster, Hugh Mercer, Arthur St Clair, Horatio Gates, Israel Putnam, John Dixon, Joseph Frye, William Maxwell and Elias Dayton.

  • Note: So despite the highfalutin jingoism and flag-waving, independence was really something desired and initiated by Masons, with little actual allegiance to any specific country. As Hagger ably shows, their motives were the establishment of a global world order. Their pretense of patriotism and nationalism served as a cover for their overall agenda. Although it makes exciting reading in the history books, it was simply an expedient ruse, serving as a temporary device while the Templar-Masonic cabal worked toward attaining their particular utopian vision of humanity and the world. Until today, the "worker ants" haven't caught on or realized they've been well and truly used and abused from day one.

Power of Catholic Spain

Under the peace settlement following Cornwallis's surrender, the western boundary of the USA was the Mississippi. Britain retained Canada, Spain received the area from Florida to the Mississippi and everything west of the river.

  • Note: The power of Catholicism and the Papacy in America is a vast subject that cannot be explored in detail here. But as we see, the Spanish and Portuguese were the first settlers and missionaries in America, arriving before the Protestant Dutch and British. Even after the War of Independence they retained millions of acres of land. The papacy stood back and watched the War of Independence with interest. They cherished the Protestant loss of life, and soon after fomented the Civil War (1861-1865) in order to enlarge their territories and expand their dominion over the continent. The papal power was also alive and active in Mexico at the time, since the Austrian ruler of Mexico - Emperor Maximilian I (1830-1867) - was a Catholic, his dynasty and geopolitical interests closely related to the royal houses of Spain. Without Catholic France's geopolitical muscle, he would never have ruled in Mexico.

King George Washington?

The economy was in depression and the national government had inherited a war debt of $60 million. The revolutionary soldiers had not been fully paid. In 1781–2 the victorious general, George Washington, wintered with the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. He made efforts to secure payment for the army, and in 1782 received a letter from Colonel Lewis Nicola urging him to use the army to make himself king. Washington indignantly declined. He seems to have believed that America would become a monarchy and also in the necessity of the principle of monarchy, but kingship contradicted his Templar Freemasonic philosophy, which was republican.

  • Note: How many Americans realize that the 13 states were generally self-serving and corrupt, and that Washington was tempted to proclaim himself monarch over the colonies? How many know that the original title of the president was "His Excellency?" So much for the Illuminati's alleged anti-royalist pose. How many know that the federalist system was conceived by Freemasons, and purposely designed to permit secret societies to operate behind all sorts of political, religious and commercial fronts? (Here for more...)

Just as Weishaupt had based the organization of his Order of the Illuminati on the Jesuit structure, so Dr Anderson based his Constitutions on the regulations of the Jesuits' society of Jesus, even to the point of pinching their title.

  • Note: This confirms that the Templars, Masons andJesuits are to be considered affiliated societies working toward the same goals.

St Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) had already written his Constitutions, in which he had laid down that his followers should abandon the chanting of the divine offices, physical punishments, penitential dress and chapter government for the more authoritative regime of his order. When he died there were 1,000 Jesuits divided into 12 administrative units called provinces.

  • Note: So the original 13 states were based on the Jesuit Order's pattern. These "states" are in fact estates of the oligarchy - the Black Nobility. (Here for more...)

By 1787, the Masonic federal system was already operating in the 13 colonies, the states being independent internally but units of the federal government externally. There was a federal union of sovereign states, with a federal government to operate that union, based on internally independent lodges within a federal Grand Lodge.

  • Note: On the dollar bill, above the eagle's head, we see the motto: From the Many, One. This certainly pertains to the Masonic ideal, of many countries and nations coming together to form a United World Order. America was their testing ground for the theory. Individuals and states were awarded a measure of sovereignty and autonomy only in so far as they contributed to the experiment, falling in line with it. It isn't actual freedom, only temporary provisional liberty, dictated by |Masonic overlords. The Statue of Liberty was imported by American Masons from their French cousins, and erected to embody this geopolitical experiment. The Articles of Confederation finally gave way to the US Constitution, whereby the slaves are provided with the requisite governmental system, giving them the illusion of freedom and self-governance. Behind the parchment idolatry and flag-waving, the American branch of the world masonic oligarchy continues working toward their global dystopia.

Henry C. Clausen has brought out the parallel between the federal American constitution and the federal Masonic lodge, writing, 'The significance of Freemasonry's influence on the Constitution cannot be overstated,' and: 'Since the Masonic federal system of organization was the only pattern for effective organization operating in each of the original Thirteen Colonies, it was natural that patriotic Brethren should turn to the organizational base of the Craft for a model. Regardless of the other forces that affected the formation of the Constitution during the Constitution Convention in 1787, the fact remains that the federalism created is identical to the federalism of the Grand Lodge system of Masonic government created in Anderson's Constitutions of 1723.' (See Masons Who Helped Shape Our Nation, by Henry C. Clausen)

The 55 delegates at the Constitutional Convention included the Freemasons Benjamin Franklin, now 81, and George Washington, who had led the American army against the most powerful nation on Earth, arrived at the convention the day before it opened and was unanimously chosen President. He could not speak in the debates during the next four months, but his aide-de-camp, Governor Edmund Randolph of Virginia, was his mouthpiece. Randolph proposed that there should be an entirely new basis for the constitution rather than an attempt to tinker with the Articles of Confederation, thus it was the Freemason Washington who was behind the move to scrap the old constitution.

  • Note: Let us not forget that the Declaration first included the word "subject" not "citizen." The latter term was written over the former which remained there behind it. That means that the conscious mind sees "citizen" while the subliminal entry connotes something quite different. We're dealing with a crafty masonic rite in which the clueless slave of the oligarchy is implanted with a false image of himself, his country, and his sociopolitical role in the hierarchy. (Here for more...)

By July 1788 the constitution had been ratified by the nine states required to bring it into law, thanks to Washington's quiet authority.

  • Note: So the people went for it. Everyone votes for a dictatorship, especially one with a smile. Federalists, like Madison, favored the Constitution which offered states limited powers under the supreme governance of the federal (secret) government in Washington DC. Anti-federalists, like Patrick Henry, opposed the Constitution and wanted states to possess completely sovereign status. To these men the federal government operated too much like a monarchy. They pushed for the Bill of Rights, hoping to further empower ordinary folks. Of course, although it was commendable to be on guard against a monarchist system, it doesn't prevent the operation of other equally sinister forms of tyranny. Whatever system of enslavement was chosen by the states and people, the masonic networks were prepared to adapt themselves to it and carry on regardless. (Here for more...)

I submit that the constitution intentionally removed sovereignty from the 13 states to a Freemasonry-dominated national central government so that Freemasonry could dominate America in accordance with the Atlantis plan. In short, the Founding Fathers had staged a coup against the states.

  • Note: Hagger stresses his theory that the states were legally denied full sovereignty because of the masonic preference for world government, which fully sovereign states might have opposed. The Constitution and Declaration simply enabled the secret controllers of America to get more of what they planned and wanted. In any case, they'd have made the best of any political system chosen by the witless war-weary masses.

Masonic Control in America

Templar Freemasons now occupied every dominant position in the State. Their plan, to establish a democratic nation in the New World, had been implemented.

...many of the Founding Fathers who took part in the War of Independence, the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the drawing up of the Articles of Confederation and the constitution were Freemasons.

At the time of his election in 1789, the first President, George Washington, was Grand Master of Alexandria Lodge no. 22 in Virginia. His Vice President, John Adams, was also a Freemason. The oath of office was administered by Robert Livingston, Grand Master of New York's Grand Lodge. The Marshall of the day was a Freemason, General Jacob Morton. Washington's escort was General Morgan Lewis, a Freemason. The Bible used for the oath was a Masonic edition from St John's Lodge no. 1 of New York.

Three of Washington's first Cabinet of four were Freemasons: Thomas Jefferson, head of the Department of Foreign Affairs, Edmund Randolph, Attorney General, and Henry Knox, Secretary of War...Twenty-four of Washington's major-generals and 30 of his 33 brigadier-generals were Freemasons, so it would be extraordinary if Alexander Hamilton had not been a Freemason.

We have already seen that of the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence, 53 may have been Master Masons31 and that the model for the constitution was based on Anderson's Constitutions, so the design of the new State was literally Freemasonic, as were its incumbents. In 1789 the first United States dollar bill had a four-sided pyramid based on the Great Seal, suggesting a Freemasonic attempt to stabilize the currency of the new republic.

Looking back on the 1780s, it does seem that the Founding Fathers hijacked the economies of the states for Freemasonry.

  • Note: Full proof of this was provided by the masons themselves, in the design of various important cities, particularly Philadelphia and Washington DC. The numerous masonic symbols and motifs incorporated into the architecture reveals the hidden hand at work in the founding of America to even the most skeptical person. (Here for more...)

Rothschilds & the Civil War

...Rothschilds controlled the North via August Belmont, later financial adviser to the President, and the South via Judah Benjamin, Secretary of State for the Confederacy, and the Slidell/d'Erlanger family.

  • Note: Hagger believes the Civil War, of 1861, was another attempt by the British government to undermine the American colonies which defeated them during the War of Independence. The colonies were not particularly strong or bonded after the war. Madison's second American bank had failed, and there was massive debt. Many wealthy colonists had deserted America for Canada and Britain, and many more were not pleased that lucrative trading between themselves and the British had been curtailed. The British took full advantage of this discontent. They precipitated the war of 1812, and later the all-important and more well-known Civil War. They cunningly commissioned Jewish and Catholic agents - such as the Rothschilds - to secretly operate in the South, providing the money and goods needed to foment and perpetuate the conflict. Thus it appeared to most that it was a Jesuit or Catholic plot which aroused the South. Indeed, it was deliberately planned to appear that way. Giuseppe Mazzini, Adriano Lemmi, Judah Benjamin and Albert Pike were among the agents directed by the British government. They and other members of Scottish Rite (Templar) Freemasonry were instrumental in orchestrating the conflict for their British and European masters. The Masons saw to it that many spies and fifth-columnists were positioned in key positions in the ranks of the Northerners.
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Albert Pike

General Albert Pike (1809-1891) was the grand master of Freemasonry and head of the American branch of the Illuminati. He established a secret order within Masonry called the "Palladium Rite." The word Palladium derives from Pallas Athene, revealing the influence of the sinister goddess cults of antiquity. It also connotes phallus, revealing the homosexual complexion of the Rite, and of Masonry in general. Masonry as we know it, like Templarism, was a branch of a wider highly secretive orgiastic network which included many Orphic and Gnostic sects. That we have numerous pedophile priests today is no accident, and is not in any way a new phenomena. Pike was found guilty of treason, but due to his superior status within Masonry, his accusers backed down and pardoned him. Northern President Johnson was given higher Masonic status for issuing the pardon. Pike was penalized less for his treason than a loser at a game of cards.

Before his accession to these Masonic positions Pike secretly organized the rebellion of the Southern states against the United States, using the Sovereign Jurisdiction of Scottish Rite Freemasonry to conceal his conspiracy.

Most of the political and military leadership of the Confederacy was composed of Freemasons under Pike's secret command. He also controlled the Knights of the Golden Circle.

The very word 'Confederate' recalls the Articles of Confederation preceding the constitution that established the United States and suggests the constitutional arrangementbefore the Union.

Tsar Helps Northerners

Lincoln was aware that these troop movements were to press him to create a central bank and he asked Russia for help. Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, gave him his support. He sent a large fleet to the ports of New York and San Francisco and placed it under Lincoln's orders.

  • Note: How many know this? How many know that later, in 1870, during the presidency of Otto von Bismarck, in Germany, an alliance was pending between Germany, Russia and America, and that it was only due to the machinations of Catholic France that it was sabotaged. The triumvirate would have changed the face of the world, and prevented the Bolshevik Revolution the first and second world wars, and many other catastrophes from occurring thereafter.

Russia had emancipated the serfs in 1861, and Lincoln, eager to cement the alliance, issued his Emancipation Proclamation to free the slaves on 1 January 1863.

British Agents Send Arms to South

Thomas House, whose father was an agent for the Rothschilds back in England, made a fortune smuggling arms from Britain to Texas. His son, a 33rd-degree Freemason, gave himself the title 'Colonel' and later advised Woodrow Wilson.

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Edward M House

Colonel Edward Mandell House (1858-1938) was the sinister British agent and brain behind the presidency of Woodrow Wilson. His father Thomas House supplied arms to the Southern States during the Civil War. Mandell House was a 33rd degree Freemason.

Lincoln was hated by Freemasons. He had prevented them from taking over America and from establishing a central bank and had restored the Union. British Freemasonry planned to kill him, using the Knights of the Golden Circle, in particular their member John Wilkes Booth, a 33rd-degree Mason and member of Mazzini's Young America.

In Booth's trunk coded messages were found. The key to the code was discovered in the possession of Judah Benjamin, the Rothschild agent who had fled to England, where he died. Investigations showed that he had given the order for the assassination.

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Judah P. Benjamin

Judah P. Benjamin (1811-1884), the Jewish British agent who, according to Nicholas Hagger, ordered the assassination of President Lincoln.

Palmerston, the British Prime Minister from 1859 to 1865 and a 33rd-degree Freemason, was also involved in the assassination assassination plot. He had links with Mazzini - he had persuaded the British Parliament to fund Mazzini's Grand-Orient insurrection in Italy from 1848 to 1865 - and was directly implicated

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The federal capital of Washington DC was and is the zone from which the Masonic government oversees the United States. The federal system ensured that a sovereign administration stood apart from the rest of the colonies and states. Working in a manner analogous to a company or corporation, its elected orselected President serves for four years. Yes, America is merely that - a company or estate of the world's Black Nobility. Those who declared "eternal war" on America won the day, as they knew they would. Today those who state facts like this are condemned as "conspiracy nuts," even though it's all there in the official records and confirmed by eminent historians. As Hagger shows, America was never truly a "Christian" country, despite the rhetoric and jingoism about Pilgrims and Puritan founding fathers. American is 100 percent Masonic. The design of the major cities bespeaks this loudly enough, for those with symbolic literacy and pattern recognition. Moreover, although America's presidents and governors are sworn in on a Bible, the book they swear oaths upon is actually a Masonic Bible. Their hands touch not the Bible but the Compass and Square.

Masonry Inc

The Masonic Bible from the altar of St John's Lodge no.1 in New York City, a Templar Freemasonic lodge, that was first used during the inauguration of George Washington was later used for the inauguration oaths administered to Warren G. Harding, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Jimmy Carter, George Bush Sr and George Bush Jr.

...many state governors, senators and Congressmen are Freemasons. There is a Grand Lodge in every state. Newt Gingrich and Bob Dole are 33rd-degree Freemasons, as was Barry Goldwater. Jesse Jackson and Ross Perot are also Freemasons.

Since Weishaupt, deception has masked Freemasonry's drive to create a world government and its agenda includes hidden strategies based on Masonic self-interest to a degree that might shock the Founding Fathers if they were to come back and witness them today.

Out of British Freemasonry came a number of new secret societies in the twentieth century: the Round Table (1909–13), the Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA, 1919), the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR, 1921), the Bilderberg Group (1954), the Club of Rome (1968) and the Trilateral Commission (1972). All these offshoots of Freemasonry urged world government.

Membership of these sub-Masonic bodies is vital for politicians wanting to get on in Britain, Europe and America, and especially since the Second World War many Western leaders have been members of one or more of these groups. Since 1945 every US presidential candidate has been a CFR member.

President Nixon appointed more than 100 members of the CFR to his administration. Bill Clinton was a member of the CFR, the Bilderberg Group (whose meeting in Baden, Germany, he attended in 1991) and the Trilateral Commission.

A network of families and commercial interests has grown up around these sub-Masonic secret organizations, which elsewhere I have called 'the Syndicate'. The US is heavily influenced by the Syndicate, regardless of whether the Republicans or Democrats are in power, and also by these secret organizations.

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Irish Origins Appendices

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Disclaimer

Disclaimer:
Some material presented will contain links, quotes, ideologies, etc., the contents of which should be understood to first, in their whole, reflect the views or opinions of their editors, and second, are used in my personal research as "fair use" sources only, and not espousement one way or the other. Researching for 'truth' leads one all over the place...a piece here, a piece there. As a researcher, I hunt, gather and disassemble resources, trying to put all the pieces into a coherent and logical whole. I encourage you to do the same. And please remember, these pages are only my effort to collect all the pieces I can find and see if they properly fit into the 'reality aggregate'.

Personal Position

Personal Position:
I've come to realize that 'truth' boils down to what we 'believe' the facts we've gathered point to. We only 'know' what we've 'experienced' firsthand. Everything else - what we read, what we watch, what we hear - is what someone else's gathered facts point to and 'they' 'believe' is 'truth', so that 'truth' seems to change in direct proportion to newly gathered facts divided by applied plausibility. Though I believe there is 'truth', until someone celestial who 'knows' all the facts parts the heavens and throws us a scroll titled "Here Are ALL The Facts And Lies In The Order They Happened," I can't know for sure exactly what "the whole truth' on any given subject is, and what applies to me applies to everyone.
~Gail Bird Allen

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The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

The Concise History of Ireland The Concise History of Ireland

This attractive one-volume survey tells the story of Ireland from earliest times to the present. The text is complemented by 200 illustrations, including maps, photographs and diagrams. Sean Duffy, the general editor of the bestselling Atlas of Irish History, has written a text of exceptional clarity. Duffy stresses the enduring themes of his story: the long cultural continuity; the central importance of Ireland's relationships with Britain and mainland Europe; and the intractability of the ethnic and national divisions in modern Ulster. As a specialist in medieval Irish history, he gives the earlier period its due treatment - unlike most such surveys - thus introducing these recurring themes at an early stage.

About the Author

Sean Duffy is Professor of Medieval History at Trinity College Dublin and one of Ireland's foremost medieval historians. His other books include Ireland in the Middle Ages and Brian Boru and The Battle of Clontarf.

Paperback: 256 pages
Publisher: Gill Books; New Ed edition (August 9, 2005)

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland: A History Ireland: A History

Ireland has rarely been out of the news during the past thirty years. Whether as a war-zone in which Catholic nationalists and Protestant Unionists struggled for supremacy, a case study in conflict resolution or an economy that for a time promised to make the Irish among the wealthiest people on the planet, the two Irelands have truly captured the world's imagination. Yet single-volume histories of Ireland are rare. Here, Thomas Bartlett, one of the country’s leading historians, sets out a fascinating new history that ranges from prehistory to the present. Integrating politics, society and culture, he offers an authoritative historical road map that shows exactly how - and why - Ireland, north and south, arrived at where it is today. This is an indispensable guide to both the legacies of the past for Ireland's present and to the problems confronting north and south in the contemporary world.

About the Author

Thomas Bartlett is Professor of Irish History at the School of Divinity, History and Philosophy, University of Aberdeen. His previous publications include The Fall and Rise of the Irish Nation: The Catholic Question, 1690–1830 (1992), A Military History of Ireland (1996, with Keith Jeffery) and Revolutionary Dublin: The Letters of Francis Higgins to Dublin Castle, 1795–1801 (2004).

Paperback: 641 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press; Reprint edition (August 15, 2011)

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English In Search of Ancient Ireland: The Origins of the Irish from Neolithic Times to the Coming of the English

This engaging book traces the history, archaeology, and legends of ancient Ireland from 9000 B.C., when nomadic hunter-gatherers appeared in Ireland at the end of the last Ice Age to 1167 A.D., when a Norman invasion brought the country under control of the English crown for the first time. So much of what people today accept as ancient Irish history—Celtic invaders from Europe turning Ireland into a Celtic nation; St. Patrick driving the snakes from Ireland and converting its people to Christianity—is myth and legend with little basis in reality. The truth is more interesting. The Irish, as the authors show, are not even Celtic in an archaeological sense. And there were plenty of bishops in Ireland before a British missionary called Patrick arrived. But In Search of Ancient Ireland is not simply the story of events from long ago. Across Ireland today are festivals, places, and folk customs that provide a tangible link to events thousands of years past. The authors visit and describe many of these places and festivals, talking to a wide variety of historians, scholars, poets, and storytellers in the very settings where history happened. Thus the book is also a journey on the ground to uncover ten thousand years of Irish identity. In Search of Ancient Ireland is the official companion to the three-part PBS documentary series. With 14 black-and-white photos, 6 b&w illustrations, and 1 map.

About the Author

Carmel McCaffrey lectures on Irish history, literature, culture, and language at Johns Hopkins University. A native of Dublin, she founded the literary review Wild About Wilde. She has also written In Search of Ireland's Heroes. She is a Gaelic speaker and frequently travels back to Ireland. She lives in Mt. Airy, Maryland.

Leo Eaton has produced, written, and directed television and film in Europe and the United States for thirty years and has received many of television's major awards. London-born, he lives in New Windsor, Maryland.

Paperback: 304 pages
Publisher: Ivan R. Dee; Reprint edition (June 11, 2003)

The Urantia Book The Urantia Book
The Urantia Book The Urantia Book

Love

Love is truly contagious and eternally creative. (p. 2018) “Devote your life to proving that love is the greatest thing in the world.” (p. 2047) “Love is the ancestor of all spiritual goodness, the essence of the true and the beautiful.” (p. 2047) The Father’s love can become real to mortal man only by passing through that man’s personality as he in turn bestows this love upon his fellows. (p. 1289) The secret of a better civilization is bound up in the Master’s teachings of the brotherhood of man, the good will of love and mutual trust. (p. 2065)

Prayer

Prayer is not a technique of escape from conflict but rather a stimulus to growth in the very face of conflict. (p. 1002) The sincerity of any prayer is the assurance of its being heard. … (p. 1639) God answers man’s prayer by giving him an increased revelation of truth, an enhanced appreciation of beauty, and an augmented concept of goodness. (p. 1002) …Never forget that the sincere prayer of faith is a mighty force for the promotion of personal happiness, individual self-control, social harmony, moral progress, and spiritual attainment. (p. 999)

Suffering

There is a great and glorious purpose in the march of the universes through space. All of your mortal struggling is not in vain. (p. 364) Mortals only learn wisdom by experiencing tribulation. (p. 556)

Angels

The angels of all orders are distinct personalities and are highly individualized. (p. 285) Angels....are fully cognizant of your moral struggles and spiritual difficulties. They love human beings, and only good can result from your efforts to understand and love them. (p. 419)

Our Divine Destiny

If you are a willing learner, if you want to attain spirit levels and reach divine heights, if you sincerely desire to reach the eternal goal, then the divine Spirit will gently and lovingly lead you along the pathway of sonship and spiritual progress. (p. 381) …They who know that God is enthroned in the human heart are destined to become like him—immortal. (p. 1449) God is not only the determiner of destiny; he is man’s eternal destination. (p. 67)

Family

Almost everything of lasting value in civilization has its roots in the family. (p. 765) The family is man’s greatest purely human achievement. ... (p. 939)

Faith

…Faith will expand the mind, ennoble the soul, reinforce the personality, augment the happiness, deepen the spirit perception, and enhance the power to love and be loved. (p. 1766) “Now, mistake not, my Father will ever respond to the faintest flicker of faith.” (p. 1733)

History/Science

The story of man’s ascent from seaweed to the lordship of earthly creation is indeed a romance of biologic struggle and mind survival. (p. 731) 2,500,000,000 years ago… Urantia was a well developed sphere about one tenth its present mass. … (p. 658) 1,000,000,000 years ago is the date of the actual beginning of Urantia [Earth] history. (p. 660) 450,000,000 years ago the transition from vegetable to animal life occurred. (p. 669) From the year A.D. 1934 back to the birth of the first two human beings is just 993,419 years. (p. 707) About five hundred thousand years ago…there were almost one-half billion primitive human beings on earth. … (p. 741) Adam and Eve arrived on Urantia, from the year A.D. 1934, 37,848 years ago. (p. 828)

From the Inside Flap

What’s Inside?

Parts I and II

God, the inhabited universes, life after death, angels and other beings, the war in heaven.

Part III

The history of the world, science and evolution, Adam and Eve, development of civilization, marriage and family, personal spiritual growth.

Part IV

The life and teachings of Jesus including the missing years. AND MUCH MORE…

Excerpts

God, …God is the source and destiny of all that is good and beautiful and true. (p. 1431) If you truly want to find God, that desire is in itself evidence that you have already found him. (p. 1440) When man goes in partnership with God, great things may, and do, happen. (p. 1467)

The Origin of Human Life, The universe is not an accident... (p. 53) The universe of universes is the work of God and the dwelling place of his diverse creatures. (p. 21) The evolutionary planets are the spheres of human origin…Urantia [Earth] is your starting point. … (p. 1225) In God, man lives, moves, and has his being. (p. 22)

The Purpose of Life, There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life. (p. 365) This new gospel of the kingdom… presents a new and exalted goal of destiny, a supreme life purpose. (p. 1778)

Jesus, The religion of Jesus is the most dynamic influence ever to activate the human race. (p. 1091) What an awakening the world would experience if it could only see Jesus as he really lived on earth and know, firsthand, his life-giving teachings! (p. 2083)

Science, Science, guided by wisdom, may become man’s great social liberator. (p. 909) Mortal man is not an evolutionary accident. There is a precise system, a universal law, which determines the unfolding of the planetary life plan on the spheres of space. (p. 560)

Life after Death, God’s love is universal… He is “not willing that any should perish.” (p. 39) Your short sojourn on Urantia [Earth]…is only a single link, the very first in the long chain that is to stretch across universes and through the eternal ages. (p. 435) …Death is only the beginning of an endless career of adventure, an everlasting life of anticipation, an eternal voyage of discovery. (p. 159)

About the Author

The text of The Urantia Book was provided by one or more anonymous contributors working with a small staff which provided editorial and administrative support during the book's creation. The book bears no particular credentials (from a human viewpoint), relying instead on the power and beauty of the writing itself to persuade the reader of its authenticity.

Leather Bound: 2097 pages
Publisher: Urantia Foundation; Box Lea edition (August 25, 2015)

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference

The Oxford Companion to Irish History--Oxford Quick Reference The Oxford Companion to Irish History (Oxford Quick Reference)

'A companion to be cherished', 'judicious and authoritative', 'informative and entertaining', an 'invaluable work of reference' - these are just some of the phrases used by reviewers to describe the Oxford Companion to Irish History.

The history of Ireland has long been at the epicentre of political and academic debate. Interest in Irish culture, politics, and society, both ancient and modern, never seems to falter, not only in scholarly circles but also among the general public.

With over 1,800 entries, this Companion - now available in the Oxford Paperback Reference series - offers a comprehensive and authoritative guide to all aspects of Ireland's past from earliest times to the present day. There is coverage not only of leading political figures, organizations, and events but also of subjects such as dress, music, sport, and diet. Traditional topics such as the rebellion of 1798 and the Irish Civil War sit alongside entries on newly developing areas such as women's history and popular culture.

In addition to A-Z entries the Companion includes a section of maps showing the shape of modern Ireland, post-reformation ecclesiastical divisions in Ireland, political divisions circa 800, Ireland circa 1350, Ireland in the late 15th century, and the pattern of transport and communications in Ireland. There is also a subject index, which groups headwords into thematic batches to provide an alternative way to access the entries.

The Oxford Companion to Irish History is invaluable to students as a work of general reference and to the general public with an interest in the history and culture of Ireland. It also appeals to academics both for the longer analytical entries and as a source of reference for topics outside their immediate area of expertise.

About the Author

Sean Connolly is Professor of Irish History at the School of History and Anthropology, Queen's University, Belfast. His previous posts have included Archivist at the Public Record Office of Ireland, Lecturer at St Patrick's College, Dublin, and Lecturer and later Reader in History at the University of Ulster. He is the author and editor of a number of titles.

Paperback: 672 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 2nd ed. edition (April 8, 2011)

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals Magic of the Celtic Otherworld: Irish History, Lore & Rituals

Explore a marvelous world of glamoury: the Celtic Otherworld of shadow and Sidhe, a realm where everything that ever was, is, or will be, exists right now. The Celts had a life-affirming, mystical way of viewing and living life, in tune with the forces of Nature and magic. Drawing upon Irish Celtic spiritual tradition, history, literature, and myth, this tried and true guidebook (formerly titled Glamoury,) offers a holistic system that will help you reconnect with this enchanting realm―the Green World of the Celts.

Magic of the Celtic Otherworld presents techniques for becoming attuned to the life forces of the Green World through seasonal rituals, visualizations, and practical magical workings. Learn how to find your way around the Otherworld, and gain an understanding of how each of us constantly shapes and affects the land on which we live. Most importantly, discover how to make contact with inhabitants of the Otherworld in order to deepen your spiritual practice and enrich your everyday life.

About the Author

Steve Blamires was born in Ayr, Scotland, and is one of the foremost Celtic scholars in the world. He is a co-founder of The Company of Avalon, a working magical group offering an in-depth training in the Western Mystery Tradition. He leads spiritual tours to many of the sacred sites of Northern Europe. He has written numerous articles for publications in both the U.K. and U.S. He is the author of the book Celtic Tree Mysteries: Practical Druid Magic & Divination.

Paperback: 352 pages
Publisher: Llewellyn Publications; Illustrated edition (January 8, 2005)

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition The Course of Irish History, Fifth Edition

First published over forty years ago and now updated to cover the “Celtic Tiger” economic boom of the 2000s and subsequent worldwide recession, this new edition of a perennial bestseller interprets Irish history as a whole. Designed and written to be popular and authoritative, critical and balanced, it has been a core text in both Irish and American universities for decades. It has also proven to be an extremely popular book for casual readers with an interest in history and Irish affairs. Considered the definitive history among the Irish themselves, it is an essential text for anyone interested in the history of Ireland.

About the Author

The late T.W. Moody (1907 - 1984) was, for many years, professor of modern history at Trinity College, Dublin.

F.X. Martin (1923 - 2000) was Emeritus Professor of Medieval History, University College, Dublin.

Dermot Keogh is Emeritus Professor of History and Emeritus Professor of European Integration Studies, University College Cork.

Patrick Kiely is the Online Learning Development and Delivery Coordinator, Teaching & Learning, University College Cork. From 2008 to 2011, he was a Research Fellow in Irish Diplomatic History under the auspices of the Irish National Institute for Historical Research, School of History, UCC.

Paperback: 544 pages
Publisher: Roberts Rinehart; Fifth edition (September 16, 2012)

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