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Bulfinch's Mythology: All Volumes Bulfinch's Mythology: All Volumes

Bulfinch's Mythology: All Volumes Bulfinch's Mythology:
All Volumes

Thomas Bulfinch's compendium of Greek, Norse and Anglo-Saxon myths and legends offers superb insight into the origins, themes and contexts of ancient stories.

This edition unites all volumes into a single, overarching text perfect for referencing, and inclusive of a lengthy, comprehensive glossary. Bulfinch's Mythology is a crucial text for enthusiasts of ancient myths and lore, as well as students and teachers of classics or ancient literature. It offers a well-researched, literate and comprehensive narration upon legends both renowned and obscure, with insight into the cultures and societies which birthed these stories plentiful.

After introducing the premise of the work, Bulfinch delves sequentially into the myths and legends of Ancient Greece. We witness adventures and follies of various Gods of the Greek pantheon, while mythic peoples such as the Myrmidons and beasts like the Chimaera and the Sphinx also appear.

Following a brief appearance of the Egyptian deities and Eastern myths originating from the Indian subcontinent, Bulfinch turns his focus upon the Nordic myths of antiquity. Valhalla and the Gods conceived by the Norse peoples are examined in depth, with the emergence of Thor and the origin of the Elves particular highlights.

A large portion of this work concerns the legends of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. All the famous characters of Arthurian lore are present; Lancelot, Merlin, Queen Guinevere (Guenever), Tristham and Isolde, Percival and others make their due appearance. The famous quest for the Holy Grail - or Sangreal - forms a lengthy part of this section.

Following the Arthurian myths, Bulfinch turns to the Mabinogeon - the earliest Medieval prose writings of the British Isles. Traced to the 12th and 13th centuries, these stories concern the origins of the British people, the famed Lady of the Fountain, and other aspects of chivalric society.

The book concludes with the legends of Charlemagne, where we learn how the various invasions and battles the ancient Frankish king partook in were mythologised and romanticised. Aspects of mythic lore, such as the appearance of Orcs and magical enchanting, offer a profound look into the development of these legends.

Paperback: 384 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (November 1, 2016)

100 Characters from Classical Mythology: Discover the Fascinating Stories of the Greek and Roman Deities 100 Characters from Classical Mythology: Discover the Fascinating Stories of the Greek and Roman Deities

100 Characters from Classical Mythology: Discover the Fascinating Stories of the Greek and Roman Deities 100 Characters from Classical Mythology

Dating back roughly 3,000 years, the gods of the ancient Greeks--and later, of the Romans--have figured prominently in legendry, poetry, drama, and the visual arts. But today's readers are often confused when they encounter the myriad names of those deities and try to understand their roles in mythology. This entertaining and mind-expanding book charts 100 of the most prominent characters from Greco-Roman mythology, including the primordial deities, the great gods of Olympus, and the shadowy inhabitants of Hades. Addressing universal themes such as love, jealousy, anger, ambition, deceit, and beauty, the stories told here make fascinating reading while they add significance to countless classical references in our civilization's literature and art. Author Malcolm Day profiles each god with a short, very readable summary of that personage's acts. He sets each deity's story within the larger context of a "family tree" that encompasses all major gods. Full-color illustrations showing memorable scenes from classical mythology include reproductions from famous paintings and photos of statuary. Separate chapters are devoted to:

  • The Primordial Gods: Gaia, Uranus, Cronus, and others
  • The Gods of Olympus: Zeus, Poseidon, Athena, Apollo, and others
  • Descendants of the Titans: Iris, Nike, Helios, Eos, Atlas, and others
  • Legendary Heroes: Jason, Oedipus, Daedelus, Paris, Helen of Troy, and others
  • Figures from the Odyssey: Odysseus, Penelope, Circe, and others

This virtual roadmap through the complexities of classical mythology features more than 100 full-color illustrations.

Hardcover: 160 pages
Publisher: Barron's Educational Series; 1 edition (March 1, 2007)

Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes, 75th Anniversary Illustrated Edition Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes, 75th Anniversary Illustrated Edition

Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes, 75th Anniversary Illustrated Edition Mythology: Timeless Tales of Gods and Heroes

In celebration of of the 75th anniversary of this classic bestseller, this stunningly illustrated, beautifully packaged, larger-format hardcover edition will be beloved by fans of Greek, Roman, and Norse mythology of all ages. Since its original publication by Little, Brown and Company in 1942, Edith Hamilton's Mythology has sold millions of copies throughout the word and established itself as a perennial bestseller in its various available formats: hardcover, trade paperback, mass market paperback, and e-book. For 75 years readers have chosen this book above all others to discover the thrilling, enchanting, and fascinating world of Western mythology-from Odysseus's adventure-filled journey to the Norse god Odin's effort to postpone the final day of doom. This exciting new deluxe, large-format hardcover edition, published in celebration of the book's 75th anniversary, will be beautifully packages and fully-illustrated throughout with all-new, specially commissioned four-color art, making it a true collector's item.

About the Author

Edith Hamilton (1868-1963) was born of American parents in Dresden, Germany, and grew up in Indiana. Through the first quarter of the twentieth century she was the headmistress of the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore. Upon retiring, she began to write about the civilizations of the ancient world and soon gained world renown as a classicist. Her celebrated and bestselling books include Mythology, The Greek Way, The Roman Way, and The Echo of Greece. She regarded as the high point of her life a 1957 ceremony in which King Paul of Greece named her an honorary citizen of Athens.

Jim Tierney studied illustration at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia.

Hardcover: 384 pages
Publisher: Black Dog & Leventhal; Deluxe, Illustrated, Anniversary edition (September 26, 2017)

The Urantia Book The Urantia Book
The Urantia Book The Urantia Book


Love is truly contagious and eternally creative. (p. 2018) “Devote your life to proving that love is the greatest thing in the world.” (p. 2047) “Love is the ancestor of all spiritual goodness, the essence of the true and the beautiful.” (p. 2047) The Father’s love can become real to mortal man only by passing through that man’s personality as he in turn bestows this love upon his fellows. (p. 1289) The secret of a better civilization is bound up in the Master’s teachings of the brotherhood of man, the good will of love and mutual trust. (p. 2065)


Prayer is not a technique of escape from conflict but rather a stimulus to growth in the very face of conflict. (p. 1002) The sincerity of any prayer is the assurance of its being heard. … (p. 1639) God answers man’s prayer by giving him an increased revelation of truth, an enhanced appreciation of beauty, and an augmented concept of goodness. (p. 1002) …Never forget that the sincere prayer of faith is a mighty force for the promotion of personal happiness, individual self-control, social harmony, moral progress, and spiritual attainment. (p. 999)


There is a great and glorious purpose in the march of the universes through space. All of your mortal struggling is not in vain. (p. 364) Mortals only learn wisdom by experiencing tribulation. (p. 556)


The angels of all orders are distinct personalities and are highly individualized. (p. 285) Angels....are fully cognizant of your moral struggles and spiritual difficulties. They love human beings, and only good can result from your efforts to understand and love them. (p. 419)

Our Divine Destiny

If you are a willing learner, if you want to attain spirit levels and reach divine heights, if you sincerely desire to reach the eternal goal, then the divine Spirit will gently and lovingly lead you along the pathway of sonship and spiritual progress. (p. 381) …They who know that God is enthroned in the human heart are destined to become like him—immortal. (p. 1449) God is not only the determiner of destiny; he is man’s eternal destination. (p. 67)


Almost everything of lasting value in civilization has its roots in the family. (p. 765) The family is man’s greatest purely human achievement. ... (p. 939)


…Faith will expand the mind, ennoble the soul, reinforce the personality, augment the happiness, deepen the spirit perception, and enhance the power to love and be loved. (p. 1766) “Now, mistake not, my Father will ever respond to the faintest flicker of faith.” (p. 1733)


The story of man’s ascent from seaweed to the lordship of earthly creation is indeed a romance of biologic struggle and mind survival. (p. 731) 2,500,000,000 years ago… Urantia was a well developed sphere about one tenth its present mass. … (p. 658) 1,000,000,000 years ago is the date of the actual beginning of Urantia [Earth] history. (p. 660) 450,000,000 years ago the transition from vegetable to animal life occurred. (p. 669) From the year A.D. 1934 back to the birth of the first two human beings is just 993,419 years. (p. 707) About five hundred thousand years ago…there were almost one-half billion primitive human beings on earth. … (p. 741) Adam and Eve arrived on Urantia, from the year A.D. 1934, 37,848 years ago. (p. 828)

From the Inside Flap

What’s Inside?

Parts I and II

God, the inhabited universes, life after death, angels and other beings, the war in heaven.

Part III

The history of the world, science and evolution, Adam and Eve, development of civilization, marriage and family, personal spiritual growth.

Part IV

The life and teachings of Jesus including the missing years. AND MUCH MORE…


God, …God is the source and destiny of all that is good and beautiful and true. (p. 1431) If you truly want to find God, that desire is in itself evidence that you have already found him. (p. 1440) When man goes in partnership with God, great things may, and do, happen. (p. 1467)

The Origin of Human Life, The universe is not an accident... (p. 53) The universe of universes is the work of God and the dwelling place of his diverse creatures. (p. 21) The evolutionary planets are the spheres of human origin…Urantia [Earth] is your starting point. … (p. 1225) In God, man lives, moves, and has his being. (p. 22)

The Purpose of Life, There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life. (p. 365) This new gospel of the kingdom… presents a new and exalted goal of destiny, a supreme life purpose. (p. 1778)

Jesus, The religion of Jesus is the most dynamic influence ever to activate the human race. (p. 1091) What an awakening the world would experience if it could only see Jesus as he really lived on earth and know, firsthand, his life-giving teachings! (p. 2083)

Science, Science, guided by wisdom, may become man’s great social liberator. (p. 909) Mortal man is not an evolutionary accident. There is a precise system, a universal law, which determines the unfolding of the planetary life plan on the spheres of space. (p. 560)

Life after Death, God’s love is universal… He is “not willing that any should perish.” (p. 39) Your short sojourn on Urantia [Earth]…is only a single link, the very first in the long chain that is to stretch across universes and through the eternal ages. (p. 435) …Death is only the beginning of an endless career of adventure, an everlasting life of anticipation, an eternal voyage of discovery. (p. 159)

About the Author

The text of The Urantia Book was provided by one or more anonymous contributors working with a small staff which provided editorial and administrative support during the book's creation. The book bears no particular credentials (from a human viewpoint), relying instead on the power and beauty of the writing itself to persuade the reader of its authenticity.

Leather Bound: 2097 pages
Publisher: Urantia Foundation; Box Lea edition (August 25, 2015)

D'aulaire's Book of Greek Myths >D'aulaire's Book of Greek Myths

>D'aulaire's Book of Greek Myths D'aulaire's Book of Greek Myths

No education is complete without a large slice of Greek mythology. And there's no better way of meeting that literary quota than with the D'Aulaires' book. All the great gods and goddesses of ancient Greece are depicted in this big, beautiful classic, lovingly illustrated and skillfully told. Young readers will be dazzled by mighty Zeus, lord of the universe; stirred by elegant Athena, goddess of wisdom; intimidated by powerful Hera, queen of Olympus; and chilled by moody Poseidon, ruler of the sea. These often impetuous immortals flounce and frolic, get indiscreet, and get even. From petty squabbles to heroic deeds, their actions cover the range of godly--and mortal--personalities.

The D'Aulaires' illustrations have a memorable quality: once pored over, they will never leave the minds of the viewer. Decades later, the name Gaea will still evoke the soft green picture of lovely Mother Earth, her body hills and valleys and her eyes blue lakes reflecting the stars of her husband, Uranus the sky. No child is too young to appreciate the myths that have built the foundation for much of the world's art and literature over the centuries. This introduction to mythology is a treasure. (Ages 10 to adult) --Emilie Coulter

Hardcover: 208 pages
Publisher: Doubleday Books for Young Readers; First edition (October 19, 1962)

The Greek Myths: Complete Edition The Greek Myths: Complete Edition

The Greek Myths: Complete Edition The Greek Myths: Complete Edition

Combines in a single volume the complete text of the definitive two-volume classic, citing all the ancient myths.

About the Author

Robert Graves was born in 1895 in Wimbledon, the son of Irish writer Perceval Graves and Amalia Von Ranke. He went from school to the First World War, where he became a captain in the Royal Welch Fusiliers. After this, apart from a year as Professor of English Literature at Cairo University in 1926, he earned his living by writing, mostly historical novels, including: I, Claudius; Claudius the God; Count Belisarius; Wife of Mr Milton; Sergeant Lamb of the Ninth; Proceed, Sergeant Lamb; The Golden Fleece; They Hanged My Saintly Billy; and The Isles of Unwisdom. He wrote his autobiography, Goodbye to All That, in 1929, and it was soon established as a modern classic. The Times Literary Supplement acclaimed it as 'one of the most candid self portraits of a poet, warts and all, ever painted', as well as being of exceptional value as a war document. Two of his most discussed non-fiction works are The White Goddess, which presents a new view of the poetic impulse, and The Nazarine Gospel Restored (with Joshua Podro), a re-examination of primitive Christianity. He also translated Apuleius, Lucan and Suetonius for the Penguin Classics, and compiled the first modern dictionary of Greek Mythology, The Greek Myths. His translation of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam (with Omar Ali-Shah) is also published in Penguin. He was elected Professor of Poetry at Oxford in 1961 and made an Honorary Fellow of St John's College, Oxford, in 1971. Robert Graves died on 7 December 1985 in Majorca, his home since 1929. On his death The Times wrote of him, 'He will be remembered for his achievements as a prose stylist, historical novelist and memorist, but above all as the great paradigm of the dedicated poet, "the greatest love poet in English since Donne".'

Paperback: 784 pages
Publisher: Penguin Books; Combined, Reprint edition (April 6, 1993)

Mythology: Who's Who in Greek and Roman Mythology Mythology: Who's Who in Greek and Roman Mythology

Mythology: Who's Who in Greek and Roman Mythology Mythology: Who's Who in Greek and Roman Mythology

Explore classic stories of the great Greek and Roman heroes, gods, and monsters.

Who's Who in Classical Mythology is an indispensable guide to all the Greek and Roman mythological characters, from major deities such as Athena and Bacchus, to the lesser-known wood nymphs and centaurs. Also included, of course, are the heroic mortals, figures such as Jason, Aeneas, Helen, Achilles, and Odysseus, all brought to life in a fascinating series of portraits drawn from a wide variety of ancient literary sources. Each entry offers a small window into a timeless mythological world, one filled with epic battles, bizarre metamorphoses, and all sorts of hideous and fantastic monsters. The perfect book for casual browsers and folklore enthusiasts alike, Who's Who in Classical Mythology offers a rich and readable guide to some of the greatest stories ever told.

About the Author

E.M. Berens was a scholar and author who wrote more than a half a dozen books on Greek and Roman mythology. Unlike other Classics scholars of his time, Berens wrote accessible stories that explored the myths and other oral traditions of ancient peoples rather than simply researching the history of their worship of the gods. Berens' seminal work, The Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome, was published in 1894.

Flexibound: 288 pages
Publisher: Wellfleet Press (September 7, 2015)



Follow the history of the word

odd..."coincidences" in myths?

Posted by  Germanbini on March 29, 2010



Thanks to Andrew Veresay for the post on the news story regarding the planet Nemesis. I had previously heard this term applied to the brown dwarf before, and thought I'd try to research a bit more online to find out more about it. The following post may cast some interesting theories on the history of the planet Nemesis. I think there is a lot of ancient mythology that has clues regarding astronomy and past events that have grown into stories over the millenniums.

Wikipedia article on Nemesis. From that page link I've clicked on various other Wikipedia links to get the following paragraphs of information (Italic is what was quoted, plain text and bolding is by me for emphasis):

A Greek poet wrote: The poet Mesomedes wrote a hymn to Nemesis in the early 2nd century CE, where he addressed her, 'Nemesis, winged balancer of life, dark-faced goddess, daughter of Justice...'

Hmmm... Dark faced and winged?

Nemesis rides in a chariot drawn by griffins. Following the link to griffins, there is this picture...

Nin-gish-zida, the Sumerian Serpent-Dragon of Heaven

Nin-gish-zida, the Sumerian Serpent-Dragon of Heaven, who offered man (Adapa, priest of Enki [the God of Wisdom and Knowledge]) the food and drink that would have bestowed immortality on him and consequently mankind. Langdon alternately calls Ningishzida a "Mushussu" dragon (p. 284). Line drawing from a stone libation vase of King Gudaea of Lagash, Sumer, ca. 2100 BCE. I understand Nin-gish-zida to be one of several Mesopotamian deities behind the Serpent in the Garden of Eden (cf. p. 285, figure 88. Stephen H. Langdon. The Mythology of All Races, Semitic. Vol.5. Boston. Marshall Jones & Co., 1931).

Note this drawing also appears again titled "The Serpent Lord," in Joseph Campbell's Masks of God: Occidental Mythology (cf. figure 1, page 10. "The Serpent's Bride." New York. Viking-Penguin. 1964. Reprint 1991 by Arkana). Campbell, like Langdon, identified this deity as _one of several prototypes_ which had been recast by the Hebrews into the Garden of Eden's Serpent. Please click here for my article identifying the various deities fused together and recast as Eden's Serpent from Mesopotamian myths.

Ningishzida besides being a prototype behind Eden's Serpent is also a prototype behind Eden's Cherubim.

Please click here for all the details.

Nin-gish-zida, the Sumerian Serpent-Dragon of Heaven

A very early appearance of gryphons, dating from before 2000 BCE, two of them shown in company with the Sumerian deity Ningishzida. Seems familiar!

How about this:

Ashurnasirpal II flanked by winged Apkallu figures

The Assyrian king appears to raise his right hand and point his right index finger in a gesture of worship. He holds a mace, the symbol of authority. The Sacred Tree (which is probably a palm tree) lies at the middle of the relief. The king is protected by two human-headed and winged Apkallu figures. The relief was placed exactly behind the king's throne. Note the "standard inscription" of Ashurnasirpal II, which horizontally spans the lower half of the relief. Neo-Assyrian era, 865-860 BCE. From Room B (the throne room), North-West palace at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu; Biblical Calah), northern Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum, London).

Ashurnasirpal II flanked by winged Apkallu figures

Sumerian Relief

Enki, the great Anuna god, decending from the heavens
Enki, the great Anuna god, decending from the heavens
Enki, the great Anuna god, decending from the heavens

Or this one?!

I learned, presided over the Tara assembly as the sun god Fin,
a Druid in strangely flowered garments,

and with a double-pointed headdress and bearing in his
hand a book. Fin's two-headed miter of fishy form (a
play on 'fin'), his upright rod, spotted or checkered garment and
basket in hand, are symbols that are easily recognizable in the 
Sumerian depiction of Enki
presented here:

His column (i, eye) or pillar of Tara ('enlightenment') is remembered as the
Tree of the Wisdom of Life of numerous traditions.

Oannes reliefs of figures that feature a 1/2 human 1/2 fish resemblance

Oannes and the Annedoti

The ancient history of the Sumerians, Assyrians and Babylonians all are dominated by reliefs of figures that feature a 1/2 human 1/2 fish resemblance.

The original text has been lost, but was later recorded with diligence by an ancient Greek named Berossus, that was first translated in 1876. The text records the traditional history of mankind known by the Babylonians. Their development was possible because of the knowledge that was given to mankind by an Amphibious creature, 1/2 man and 1/2 fish, named Oannes. Oannes was from the Musari or the Annedoti creatures. Oannes first appeared to mankind during the reign of Ammenon of Babylon. The word, "Annedoti" means repulsive, while the word "Mursarus" means abomination. Evidently Oannes and the Annedoti were extremely offensive to mankind. They were literally ugly monsters, that repulsed man, but were totally benign. What Oannes did was to depart to man knowledge.

The text below is part of that translation:

In the first year there made its appearance, from a part of the Erythraean sea which bordered upon Babylonia, an animal endowed with reason, who was called Oannes. (According to the account of Apollodorus) the whole body of the animal was like that of a fish; and had under a fish's head another head, and also feet below, similar to those of a man, subjoined to the fish's tail. His voice too, and language, was articulate and human; and a representation of him is preserved even to this day.

This Being in the day-time used to converse with men; but took no food at that season; and he gave them an insight into letters and sciences, and every kind of art. He taught them to construct houses, to found temples, to compile laws, and explained to them the principles of geometrical knowledge. He made them distinguish the seeds of the earth, and showed them how to collect fruits; in short, he instructed them in every thing which could tend to soften manners and humanize mankind. From that time, so universal were his instructions, nothing has been added material by way of improvement. When the sun set, it was the custom of this Being to plunge again into the sea, and abide all night in the deep; for he was amphibious.

After this there appeared other animals like Oannes, of which Berossus promises to give an account when he comes to the history of the kings.

NOTE; The Erythraean Sea is now called the Arabian Sea.

Oannes reliefs of figures that feature a 1/2 human 1/2 fish resemblance

Back to Greek Mythology:

Nemesis was said to be the daughter of Oceanus,the primeval river-ocean that encircles the world.

In Greek mythology, this world-ocean Oceanus was personified as a Titan; In Greek mythology, the Titans (GreekΤιτάν - Ti-tan; plural: Τιτᾶνες - Ti-tânes) were a race of powerful deities, descendants of Gaia and Uranus, that ruled during the legendary Golden Age.

Follow the breadcrumb trail...

In Greek mythology, the Titans (GreekΤιτάν - Ti-tan; plural: Τιτᾶνες - Ti-tânes) were a race of powerful deities, descendants of Gaia and Uranus, that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. In the first generation of Titans, called the Twelve Titans, the males were OceanusHyperionCoeusCronusCrius and Iapetus and the females were MnemosyneTethysTheiaPhoebeRhea and Themis.

Let's see what some of the names reference or mean historically:

Weird coincidence?... As an earth goddess in Sumerian mythology, Ki was the chief consort of Anu, the sky god. Cuneiform KI (Borger 2003 nr. 737; U+121A0 ) is the sign for "earth".

Was Uranus of Greek Mythology perhaps confused with a different historical planet?

In Sumerian mythology and later for Assyrians and Babylonians, Anu (also An; (from Sumerian *An = sky, heaven)) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord ofconstellations, king of gods, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had
created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was
the royal tiara, most times decorated with two pairs of bull horns.

Horns... was ANU the same dark star as Nemesis?

Sumerian Mythology: Though most scriptures depict Anu as a male, many scholars believe he was also a female, or a hermaphrodite. He could be connected with the Goddess Danu/Anu in Celtic civilizations.

Anu had several consorts, the foremost being Ki (earth), Nammu, and Uras. By Ki he was the father of, among others, the Annuna gods. By Nammu he was the father of, among others, Enki and Ningikuga. By Uras he was the father of Nin'insinna. According to legends, heaven and earth were once inseparable until An and Ki bore Enlil, god of the air, who cleaved heaven and earth in two.
An and Ki were, in some texts, identified as brother and sister being
the children of Anshar and Kishar. Ki later developed into the Akkadian goddess Antu.

Nammu is the Sumerian goddess of the primeval sea that gave birth to An (heaven) and Ki (earth) and the first gods. She was probably the first personification of the constellation which the Babylonians later called Tiamat and the Greeks called Cetus and represented the Apsu, the fresh water ocean which the Sumerians believed lay beneath the earth, the source of life-giving water and fertility in a country with
almost no rainfall.

  • Hyperion (Greek Ὑπερίων, "The High-One") was referred to in early mythological writings as Helios Hyperion (Ἥλιος Υπερίων), 'Sun High-one'. But in the Odyssey, Hesiod's Theogony and the Homeric Hymn to Demeter the Sun is once in each work called Hyperionides (περίδής) 'son of Hyperion', and Hesiod certainly imagines Hyperion as a separate being in other writings. Hyperion is the titan of light. In
    later Ancient Greek literature, Hyperion is always distinguished from Helios
    - the former was ascribed the characteristics of the 'God of
    Watchfulness and Wisdom', while the latter became the physical
    incarnation of the Sun. Hyperion plays virtually no role in Greek
    culture and little role in mythology, save in lists of the twelve
    Titans. Later Greeks intellectualized their myths:

"Of Hyperion we are told
that he was the first to understand,
by diligent attention and observation,
the movement of both the sun and the moon
and the other stars, and the seasons as well,
in that they are caused by these bodies,
and to make these facts known to others;
and that for this reason
he was called the father of these bodies,
since he had begotten, so to speak,
the speculation about them and their
nature." —

Diodorus Siculus (5.67.1)

  • Coeus (Ancient GreekΚοῖος, Koios) was the Titan of Wisdom and Intellect, and his equivalent in Latin poetry—though he scarcely makes an appearance in Roman mythology[1] was Polus, the embodiment of the celestial axis around which the heavens revolve.

Hmmm wonder why that's important? LOL

  • Cronus or Kronos (Ancient Greek Κρόνος, Krónos) was the leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Uranus, the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age, While the Greeks considered Cronus a force of chaos along with disorder, believing that the Olympian gods had brought an era of peace and order by seizing power from the crude and malicious Titans, the Romans took a more positive view of the deity by conflating their indigenous deity Saturn with Cronus. Consequently the Romans venerated Saturn much more than the Greeks did Cronus. In the Alexandrian andRenaissance periods, Cronus was conflated with the name of Chronos, the personification of "Father Time",[2] wielding the harvesting scythe. H. J. Rose, A Handbook of Greek Mythology,[3] observes that attempts to give Kronos a Greek etymology have failed. A theory debated in the 19th century...holds that Kronos is related to "horned", assuming a Semitic derivation from qrn/krn.[5] Robert Brown made the assertion in The Great Dionysiak Myth, 1877.[6]"Kronos signifies 'the Horned one'", the Rev. Alexander Hislop had previously asserted in The Two Babylons...with the note "From krn, a horn."]

(horned - like Nemesis/ Planet X with dust "wings"?)

  • Crius, Kreios or Krios (Ancient GreekΚρεῖος,[1] Κριός) was one of the Titans in the list given in Hesiod's Theogony, a son of Uranus and Gaia. The least individualized among them, etymology uncertain: traditionally considered a variation of κρῑός "ram."
  • Iapetus, also Iapetos or Japetus (GreekἸαπετός)("the Piercer") was a Titan, the son of Uranus and Gaia, and father (by an Oceanid named Clymene or Asia) of AtlasPrometheusEpimetheus, and Menoetius and through Prometheus, Epimetheus and Atlas an ancestor of the human race. He was the Titan of Mortal Life, while his son, Prometheus, was the creator of mankind.
  • Mnemosyne' (Pronounced: Nee - Moss - See - Neen), hence the word "Mnemonic". Also spelled "Memnosyne" (Pronounced: "Mem - NO - seen), hence the word "Memory" and the name "Memnon" such as in "Memnon of Rhodes" "[1]". (Greek Mνημοσύνη, pronounced /nɪˈmɒzɪni/ or /nɪˈmɒsəni/) was the personification of memory in Greek mythology.

Did someone want us to remember something?

  • Tethys (Greek Τηθύς), daughter of Uranus and Gaia[1] was an archaic Titaness and aquatic sea goddess, invoked in classical Greek poetry but no longer venerated in cult. Tethys was both sister and wife of Oceanus.[2] She was mother of the chief rivers of the world known to the Greeks, such as the Nile, theAlpheus, the Maeander, and about three thousand daughters called the Oceanids.[3] Considered as an embodiment of the waters of the world she also may be seen as a counterpart of Thalassa, the embodiment of the sea. In the Dumbarton Oaks mosaic, the bust of Tethys—surrounded by fishes—is rising, bare-shouldered from the waters. Against her shoulder rests a golden ship's rudder. Gray wings sprout from her forehead... Walter Burkert[4] notes the presence of Tethys in the episode of Iliad XIV that the Ancients called the "Deception of Zeus", where Hera, to mislead Zeus, says she wants to go to Oceanus, "origin of the gods" and Tethys "the mother". Burkert [5] sees in the name a transformation of Akkadian tiamtu or tâmtu, "the sea," which is recognizable in Tiamat.

In Babylonian mythology, Tiamat is a goddess who personifies the sea. Tiamat is considered the monstrous embodiment of primordial chaos. Although there are no early precedents for it, some sources identify her with images of a sea serpent or dragon. In the Enûma Elish, the Babylonian epic ofcreation, she gives birth to the first generation of deities; she later makes war upon them and is killed by the storm-god Marduk. The heavens and the earth are formed from her divided body.


Alternatively, Tethys may simply mean "old woman"; certainly it bears some similarity to ἡ τήθη, meaning "grandmother," and she is often portrayed as being extremely ancient (cf. CallimachusIamb 4.52, fr. 194). Of the power exercised by Tethys, one myth relates that the prominent goddess of the Olympians, Hera, was not pleased with the placement of Callisto and Arcas in the sky, as the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, so she asked her nurse, Tethys, to help. Tethys, a marine goddess, caused the constellations forever to circle the sky and never drop below the horizon, hence explaining why they are circumpolar. Robert Graves interprets the use of the term nurse in Classical myths as identifying deities who once were goddesses of central importance in the periods before historical documentation.

  • Theia, goddess or divine, (sometimes written Thea or Thia), also called Euryphaessa, wide-shining, the far-shining one. Robert Graves relates[2] that in thePelasgian creation myth, she was the child of Eurynome—the creator called the goddess of all things—who created Theia as a Titaness ruling the sun.Hesiod's Theogony gives her an equally primal origin, a daughter of Gaia (Earth) and Uranos (Sky). In 42.a Graves also relates that later Theia is referred to as the cow-eyed Euryphaessa who gave birth to Helios, the sun.

Speaking of cows... back to Summerian Mythology - remember Anu had another consort namedUraš or Urash, she is the mother of the goddess Nininsinna. InSumerian mythology, Ninsun or Ninsuna ("lady wild cow", the "August cow", the "Wild Cow of the Enclosure", and "The Great Queen") is a goddess, best known as the mother of the legendary hero Gilgamesh. Could the cow somehow go back to Taurus of astrology?

  • Phoebe (Greek: Φοίβη Phoibe; pronounced /ˈfiːbiː/ in English),"golden-wreathed," "Shining-one", feminine counterpart of the name Phoebus, She was traditionally associated with the moon.
  • Rhea, Rhea (pronounced /ˈriː.ə/ancient Greek Ῥέα was the Titaness daughter of Uranus, the sky, and Gaia, the earth, in classical Greek mythology. She was known as "the mother of gods." Etymology: If Rhea is indeed Greek, most ancient etymologists derive Rhea ('Ρέα) by metathesis from έρα "ground",[4] but a tradition embodied in Plato[5] connected the word with ρείν, "flow".

Hmmm...flowing ground?!

  • Themis (Greek: Θέμις) is an ancient Greek goddess. She is described as "of good counsel", and is the embodiment of divine order, law, and custom. Themis means "law of nature" rather than human ordinance, literally "that which is put in place", from the verb τίθημι, títhēmi, "to put". To the ancient Greeks she was originally the organizer of the "communal affairs of humans, particularly assemblies". When Themis is disregarded, Nemesis brings just and wrathful retribution.

Creation mythology:

In the Olympian creation myth, as Hesiod tells it in Theogony, Uranus came every night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the children she bore him. Hesiod names the Titans, six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes.

Uranus imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. [Tartarus: In classic mythology, below Heaven, Earth, and Pontus [an ancient, pre-Olympian sea-god] is Tartarus, or Tartaros (Greek Τάρταρος, deep place). It is a deep, gloomy place, a pit, or an abyss used as a dungeon of torment and suffering that resides beneath the underworld.] (People hiding in caves?) She (Gaia) shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons tocastrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest and most ambitious of the Titans, was willing: he ambushed his father and castrated him, casting the severed testicles into the sea.

Remember Anu, the Sumerian sky God... does this sound familiar?

In Hurrian mythology, Anu was the progenitor of all gods. His son Kumarbis bit off his genitals and spat out three deities, one of whom, Teshub, later deposed Kumarbis.

Back to Greek Mythology: From the blood (or, by a few accounts, semen) that spilled out from Uranus and fell upon the earth, the GigantesErinyes, [In Greek mythology the Erinýes (Ἐρινύες, pl. of Ἐρινύς, Erinýs; literally "the angry ones") or Eumenídes (Εὐμενίδες, pl. of Εὐμενίς; literally "the gracious ones" but also translated as "Kind-hearted Ones" or "Kindly Ones") or Furies or Dirae in Roman mythology were female chthonic deities of vengeance or supernatural personifications of the anger of the dead. They represent regeneration and the potency of creation, which both consumes and empowers.] and Meliae produced. [the Meliae or Meliai (Ancient GreekΜελίαι or Μελιάδες) were nymphs of the ash tree, whose name they shared. They appeared from the drops of blood spilled when Cronus castrated Uranus, according to Hesiod, Theogony 187. From the same blood sprang the Erinyes, suggesting that the ash-tree nymphs represented the Fates in milder guise (Graves 6.4). From the Meliae sprang the race of mankind of the Age of Bronze.]

(Could the sperm or blood symbolize meteorites or something falling on the earth and into the sea?)

The function of Uranus was as the vanquished god of an elder time, before real time began.

After his castration, the Sky came no more to cover the Earth at night, but held to its place, and "the original begetting came to an end" (Kerényi). Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. He was simply the sky, which was conceived by the ancients as an overarching dome or roof of bronze, held in place (or turned on an axis) by the Titan Atlas.


Main article: Titanomachy

Greeks of the classical age knew of several poems about the war between the gods and many of the Titans, the Titanomachy ("War of the Titans"). The dominant one, and the only one that has survived, was in the Theogony attributed to Hesiod. A lost epic Titanomachy attributed to the blind Thracian bard Thamyris, himself, was mentioned in passing in an essay On Music that was once attributed to Plutarch. The Titans also played a prominent role in the poems attributed toOrpheus. Although only scraps of the Orphic narratives survive, they show interesting differences with the Hesiodic tradition.

These Greek myths of the Titanomachy fall into a class of similar myths of a War in Heaven throughout Europe and the Near East, where one generation or group of gods largely opposes the dominant one. Sometimes the Elder Gods are supplanted. Sometimes the rebels lose, and are either cast out of power entirely or incorporated into the pantheon. Other examples might include the wars of the Æsir with the Vanir and Jotuns in Scandinavian mythology, the Babylonian epicEnuma Elish, the Hittite "Kingship in Heaven" narrative, the obscure generational conflict in Ugaritic fragments, and the rebellion of Lucifer in Christian tradition.

Cronus secured his power by re-imprisoning or refusing to free his siblings, the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes, and his (newly-created) siblings, the Giants, inTartarus. Afterwards, Cronus and his Titans lost the battle to his son Zeus.

Gaea, incensed by the imprisonment of the Titans in Tartarus by the Olympians, incited the Giants to rise up in arms against them, end their reign, and restore the Titans' rule. Led on by Alcyoneus and Porphyrion, they tested the strength of the Olympians in what is known as the Gigantomachia or Gigantomachy. The Giants Otus and Ephialtes hoped to reach the top of Mount Olympus by stacking the mountain ranges of ThessalyPelion, and Ossa, on top of each other.

The Olympians called upon the aid of Heracles after a prophecy warned them that he was required to defeat the Giants. Heracles slew not only Alcyoneus, but dealt the death blow to the Giants who had been wounded by the Olympians.

"Power is latent violence, which must have been manifested at least in some mythological once-upon-a-time. Superiority is guaranteed only by defeated inferiors," Walter Burkert remarked of the Gigantomachy.

This battle parallels the Titanomachy, a fierce struggle between the upstart Olympians and their older predecessors, the Titans (who lost the battle). In the Gigantomachy,
however, the Olympians were already in power when the Giants rose to
challenge them. With the aid of their powerful weapons and Heracles,
the Olympians defeated the Giants and quelled the rebellion, confirming
their reign over the earth, sea, and heaven, and confining the Giants
to the Netherworld.

Whether the Gigantomachy was interpreted in ancient times as a kind of indirect "revenge of the Titans" upon the Olympians — as the Giants' reign would have been in some fashion a restoration of the age of the
Titans — is not attested in any of the few literary references. Later Hellenistic poets and Latin ones tended to blur Titans and Giants.

If a person today said, "Titan," even now that gives the connotation of someone or something large. Out of confusion with the Gigantes, various large things have been named after the Titans, for their "titanic" size, for example the RMS Titanic or the giant predatory bird Titanis walleri.

According to the Greeks of southern Italy, the Giants were buried by the gods beneath the earth, where their writhing caused volcanic activity and earthquakes.

Following the fashions, originally developed in Hellenistic Alexandria, for rationalized glosses on the archaic myths and for allegorical interpretations, the fifth-century court poet of Honorius, Claudian, composed a Gigantomachia, that viewed Gigantomachy as a metaphor for catastrophic geomorphic change: "The puissant company of the giants confounds all differences between things; islands abandon the deep; mountains lie hidden in the sea. Many a river is left dry or has altered its ancient course....robbed of her mountains Earth sank into level plains, parted among her own sons."

  • Notice the references to earthquakes.

  • Were the Titans actually the Anunnaki of Babylonian lore?

The Anunnaki (also transcribed as: Anunna, Anunnaku, Ananaki and other variations) are a group of SumerianAkkadian and Babylonian deities. Meaning something to the effect of 'those of royal blood or 'princely offspring'. Their relation to the group of gods known as the Igigi is unclear - at times the names are used synonymously but in the Atra-hasis flood myth they have to work for the Anunnaki, rebelling after 40 days and
replaced by the creation of humans.

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Some material presented will contain links, quotes, ideologies, etc., the contents of which should be understood to first, in their whole, reflect the views or opinions of their editors, and second, are used in my personal research as "fair use" sources only, and not espousement one way or the other. Researching for 'truth' leads one all over the place...a piece here, a piece there. As a researcher, I hunt, gather and disassemble resources, trying to put all the pieces into a coherent and logical whole. I encourage you to do the same. And please remember, these pages are only my effort to collect all the pieces I can find and see if they properly fit into the 'reality aggregate'.

Personal Position

Personal Position:
I've come to realize that 'truth' boils down to what we 'believe' the facts we've gathered point to. We only 'know' what we've 'experienced' firsthand. Everything else - what we read, what we watch, what we hear - is what someone else's gathered facts point to and 'they' 'believe' is 'truth', so that 'truth' seems to change in direct proportion to newly gathered facts divided by applied plausibility. Though I believe there is 'truth', until someone celestial who 'knows' all the facts parts the heavens and throws us a scroll titled "Here Are ALL The Facts And Lies In The Order They Happened," I can't know for sure exactly what "the whole truth' on any given subject is, and what applies to me applies to everyone.
~Gail Bird Allen

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